exogamy


exogamy
exogamous /ek sog"euh meuhs/, exogamic /ek'seuh gam"ik/, adj.
/ek sog"euh mee/, n.
1. marriage outside a specific tribe or similar social unit. Cf. endogamy.
2. Biol. the union of gametes of unrelated parents.
[1860-65; EXO- + -GAMY]

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also called  out-marriage 

      custom enjoining marriage outside one's own group. In some cases, the rules of exogamy may also specify the outside group into which an individual must marry. The severity of enforcement of exogamous restrictions varies greatly across cultures and may range from death to mild disapproval. Mandatory marriage within one's own group is known as endogamy.

      Exogamy is usually defined through kinship rather than ethnicity (ethnic group), religion, or class (social class). It is most common among groups that reckon descent through either the father (patrilineality) or the mother (matrilineality) alone. Such lineages (lineage) may in turn be grouped into clans (clan) or moieties (moiety system). These are most often the locus of exogamy; marrying a member of one's own clan or moiety typically constitutes a form of incest.

      Exogamy does not guarantee that spouses have no genetic relationship. Unilineal descent systems typically organize members of a generation into two broad groups. Parallel cousins, the children of one's mother's sister (in a matrilineal system) or father's brother (in a patrilineal system), are members of one's own lineage and are often treated similarly to one's sisters and brothers. Cross-cousins (cross-cousin), the children of one's mother's brother (in a matrilineal system) or father's sister (in a patrilineal system), belong to a different lineage from one's own. In many exogamous cultures, cross-cousins are viewed as ideal marriage partners.

Elizabeth Prine Pauls
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Exogamy — Ex*og a*my, n. The custom, or tribal law, which prohibits marriage between members of the same tribe; marriage outside of the tribe; opposed to {endogamy}. Lubbock. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • exogamy — exogamy. См. экзогамия. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • exogamy — 1865, Mod.L., lit. outside marriage, from EXO (Cf. exo ) + GAMY (Cf. gamy). Related: Exogamous …   Etymology dictionary

  • exogamy — [eks äg′ə mē] n. [ EXO + GAMY] 1. the custom, often inviolable, of marrying only outside one s own clan, tribe, etc.; outbreeding: opposed to ENDOGAMY 2. Bot. cross pollination exogamous adj. exogamic [eks΄ə gam′ik] …   English World dictionary

  • Exogamy — This article is about marriage. For the Wedlock album, see Exogamy (album). Exogamy is a social arrangement where marriage is allowed only outside of a social group. The social groups define the scope and extent of exogamy, and the rules and… …   Wikipedia

  • exogamy — egzogamija statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Skirtingos kilmės lytinių ląstelių susiliejimas. atitikmenys: angl. exogamy vok. Exogamie, f; Frendbefruchtung, f rus. экзогамия, f …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • exogamy — egzogamija statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Skirtingos kilmės lytinių ląstelių susiliejimas, padidinantis populiacijos heterozigotiškumą. atitikmenys: angl. exogamy rus. неродственное оплодотворение; экзогамия …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • exogamy — noun (plural mies) Date: 1865 marriage outside of a specific group especially as required by custom or law • exogamous or exogamic adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • exogamy — noun a) marriage to a person belonging to a tribe or group other than your own as required by custom or law b) the fusion of two unrelated gametes Ant: endogamy See Also …   Wiktionary

  • exogamy — Sexual reproduction by means of conjugation of two gametes of different ancestry, as in certain protozoan species. [exo + G. gamos, marriage] * * * ex·og·a·my ek säg ə mē n, pl mies 1) marriage outside of a specific group esp. as …   Medical dictionary


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