executive agreement


executive agreement
U.S. Govt.
an agreement, usually pertaining to administrative matters and less formal than an international treaty, made between chiefs of state without senatorial approval.
[1940-45]

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      an agreement between the United States and a foreign government that is less formal than a treaty and is not subject to the constitutional requirement for ratification by two-thirds of the U.S. Senate.

      The Constitution of the United States (Constitution of the United States of America) does not specifically give a president the power to conclude executive agreements. However, he may be authorized to do so by Congress, or he may do so on the basis of the power granted him to conduct foreign relations. Despite questions about the constitutionality of executive agreements, in 1937 the Supreme Court ruled that they had the same force as treaties. Because executive agreements are made on the authority of the incumbent president, they do not necessarily bind his successors.

      Most executive agreements have been made pursuant to a treaty or to an act of Congress. Sometimes, however, presidents have concluded executive agreements to achieve purposes that would not command the support of two-thirds of the Senate. For example, after the outbreak of World War II but before American entry into the conflict, President Franklin D. Roosevelt (Roosevelt, Franklin D.) negotiated an executive agreement that gave the United Kingdom 50 overage destroyers in exchange for 99-year leases on certain British naval bases in the Atlantic.

      The use of executive agreements increased significantly after 1939. Prior to 1940 the U.S. Senate had ratified 800 treaties and presidents had made 1,200 executive agreements; from 1940 to 1989, during World War II and the Cold War, presidents signed nearly 800 treaties but negotiated more than 13,000 executive agreements.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • executive agreement — n: an agreement (as an armistice) between the U.S. and a foreign government that is made by the president and usu. deals with a subject within the president s powers compare treaty ◇ An executive agreement does not carry the same weight as a… …   Law dictionary

  • executive agreement — noun Date: 1942 an agreement between the United States and a foreign government made by the executive branch of the government either alone or with Congressional approval and dealing usually with routine matters …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • executive agreement — A treaty like agreement with another country in which the President may bind the country without submission to the Senate (as in the case of a treaty). United States v. Belmont, 301 U.S. 324, 57 S.Ct. 758, 81 L.Ed. 1134. Executive Agreements… …   Black's law dictionary

  • executive agreement — A treaty like agreement with another country in which the President may bind the country without submission to the Senate (as in the case of a treaty). United States v. Belmont, 301 U.S. 324, 57 S.Ct. 758, 81 L.Ed. 1134. Executive Agreements… …   Black's law dictionary

  • executive agreement — An agreement made by the President of the United States, acting within his exclusive powers as the executive, with the authorized representative of a foreign government. Russia v National City Bank (CA2) 69 F2d 44 …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • executive agreement — noun : an agreement between the United States and a foreign government made by the executive branch of the government alone without approval by the Senate and dealing usually with routine matters not thought to require the formality of a treaty …   Useful english dictionary

  • executive agreement — exec′utive agree′ment n. gov an agreement between a U.S. president and a foreign chief of state without senatorial approval • Etymology: 1940–45 …   From formal English to slang

  • Sole executive agreement — La Maison Blanche, siège du pouvoir exécutif. Un sole executive agreement (« accord exécutif simple », qu on peut aussi traduire comme « accord exclusivement », ou « seulement », « exécutif ») désigne une… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • congressional-executive agreement — An accord made by joint authority of the Congress and the president covering areas of international law that are not within the ambit of treaties. Dictionary from West s Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005. congressional executive agreement …   Law dictionary

  • Agreement — Ag|ree|ment 〈[ əgri:mənt] n. 15〉 1. Vereinbarung 2. formlose, aber bindende Übereinkunft [engl., „Übereinstimmung“ <frz. agrément „Zustimmung“, zu gré „Gefallen“ <lat. gratum „das Angenehme“] * * * Ag|ree|ment [ə gri:mənt , ɛ gri:mɛnt ],… …   Universal-Lexikon


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