examination


examination
examinational, adj.
/ig zam'euh nay"sheuhn/, n.
1. the act of examining; inspection; inquiry; investigation.
2. the state of being examined.
3. the act or process of testing pupils, candidates, etc., as by questions.
4. the test itself; the list of questions asked.
5. the answers, statements, etc., made by one examined.
6. Law. formal interrogation.
[1350-1400; ME examinacioun < L examination- (s. of examinatio). See EXAMINE, -ATION]
Syn. 1. observation. EXAMINATION, INSPECTION, SCRUTINY refer to a looking at something. An EXAMINATION usually means a careful noting of details: A thorough examination of the plumbing revealed a defective pipe. An INSPECTION is a formal and official examination: an inspection of records, a military inspection. SCRUTINY implies a critical and minutely detailed examination: The papers seemed to be in good order, but they would not stand close scrutiny. See also investigation.

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law
      in law, the interrogation of a witness by attorneys or by a judge. In Anglo-American proceedings an examination usually begins with direct examination (called examination in chief in England) by the party who called the witness. After direct examination the attorney for the other party may conduct a cross-examination of the same witness, usually designed to cause him to explain, modify, or possibly contradict the testimony he provided on direct examination. It may be followed by redirect examination and even, in some U.S. jurisdictions, by re-cross-examination.

      In civil-law systems legal procedure varies from country to country. Examination usually begins with an interrogation of the witness by the judge. In some countries (e.g., Germany), the witness may then be questioned by the attorneys of both parties. In France attorneys' questions may be put to witnesses only through the president of the court.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:
, / , , , , , / (in order to elicit truth or to test qualifications),


Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Examination — Ex*am i*na tion, n. [L. examinatio: cf. F. examination.] 1. The act of examining, or state of being examined; a careful search, investigation, or inquiry; scrutiny by study or experiment. [1913 Webster] 2. A process prescribed or assigned for… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • examination — [eg zam΄ə nā′shən, igzam΄ə nā′shən] n. [ME examinacioun < OFr examination < L examinatio: see EXAMINE] 1. an examining or being examined; investigation; inspection; checkup; scrutiny; inquiry; testing 2. means or method of examining 3. a… …   English World dictionary

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  • examination — Examination, Examen …   Thresor de la langue françoyse


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