Evanston


Evanston
/ev"euhn steuhn/, n.
a city in NE Illinois, on Lake Michigan, near Chicago. 73,706.

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 city, Cook county, northeastern Illinois, U.S. It lies on Lake Michigan (Michigan, Lake), 13 miles (21 km) north of downtown Chicago. Illinois and later Potawatomi Indians were early inhabitants of the area. French explorers passed through the area in the 17th century and called it Grosse Pointe. In a series of treaties between 1795 and 1833, the Potawatomi ceded their lands to the United States. American settlement began in 1836 when Major Edward H. Mulford, a jewelry dealer from New York, built a tavern at the site. In 1850 the community was renamed Ridgeville. A group of Chicago businessmen purchased property along the lakeshore for Northwestern University in 1853 under a special state charter of 1851. The city grew up around the university and was renamed (1857) for physician John Evans (Evans, John), one of Northwestern's founders. An amendment in Northwestern's charter prohibited the sale of alcoholic beverages in Evanston from 1853 until 1972. The city annexed adjoining North Evanston in 1874 and South Evanston in 1892. The university has expanded on landfill.

      Evanston is noted as an educational and religious centre. Northwestern University's massive Technological Institute building, among the world's biggest academic structures, was completed in 1942. The second assembly of the World Council of Churches was held in the city in 1954. Other institutions of higher education in Evanston include Garrett-Evangelical Theological Seminary (1853), a United Methodist graduate theological school, and Seabury-Western Theological Seminary (Episcopal; 1933).

      Evanston is primarily a residential suburb, with a racially and economically diverse population. Education and health care are primary factors in the city's economy. Evanston was home to The Toy Tinkers, the company that invented the popular Tinkertoys construction set. The city is headquarters for a number of national organizations, including the National Merit Scholarship Corporation, Rotary International, and the Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU), and several national boards and agencies of the United Methodist Church. The home (1865) of Frances Willard (Willard, Frances), an early advocate of the WCTU, was designated a national historic landmark in 1965. The Evanston Historical Society is housed in the former home (1894) of Charles G. Dawes (Dawes, Charles G.), who served as vice president of the United States from 1925 to 1929. The Cradle, a nonsectarian adoption home, was founded in Evanston in 1923. Grosse Point Lighthouse, built in 1873, includes a museum and nature centre. The city also has a symphony orchestra and several theatre groups. Annual events include Fountain Square Arts Festival and First Night Evanston, the largest New Year's Eve arts festival in Illinois. Inc. town, 1863; city, 1892. Pop. (2000) 74,239; (2005 est.) 75,236.

      city, seat (1870) of Uinta county, southwest Wyoming, U.S., on the Bear River. Founded in 1869 by the Union Pacific Railroad (Union Pacific Railroad Company), it was named for railroad surveyor James A. Evans. Like the city of Rock Springs, Evanston was one of the Wyoming cities that had a relatively high population of Chinese immigrants as a result of the labour used in the mines and to build the railroads.

      The city is a railroad division point and trade centre for an agricultural and an oil and gas area. Evanston is the site of the annual Uinta County Fair. Documents and artifacts relating to the city's history are housed in the Uinta County Museum. The High Uintas Wilderness Area is nearby. Inc. 1888. Pop. (1990) 10,903; (2000) 11,587.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Evanston — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Evanston (Colorado) Evanston (Illinois) Evanston (Indiana) Evanston (Iowa) Evanston (Kentucky) Evanston (Mississippi) Evanston (Ohio) Evanston (Tennessee) Evanston (Wyoming) Evanston Township …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Evanston — may refer to: * Evanston, Illinois * Evanston, Indiana * Evanston, Ohio * Evanston, Wyoming * Evanston, South Australia * Evanston, Nova Scotia, Canada * Evanston, Calgary, a neighbourhood in Calgary, Alberta, Canada …   Wikipedia

  • Evanston — Evanston, WY U.S. city in Wyoming Population (2000): 11507 Housing Units (2000): 4665 Land area (2000): 10.244753 sq. miles (26.533788 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.043870 sq. miles (0.113622 sq. km) Total area (2000): 10.288623 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Evanston S.P.A.C.E. — Evanston S.P.A.C.E. is a concert hall and venue for visual arts, music, and literary events, as well as a recording studio and meeting area at 1245 Chicago Avenue in Evanston, Illinois.cite news|publisher=Evanston… …   Wikipedia

  • Evanston, IL — U.S. city in Illinois Population (2000): 74239 Housing Units (2000): 30817 Land area (2000): 7.746090 sq. miles (20.062279 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.023495 sq. miles (0.060851 sq. km) Total area (2000): 7.769585 sq. miles (20.123130 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Evanston, WY — U.S. city in Wyoming Population (2000): 11507 Housing Units (2000): 4665 Land area (2000): 10.244753 sq. miles (26.533788 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.043870 sq. miles (0.113622 sq. km) Total area (2000): 10.288623 sq. miles (26.647410 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Evanston —   [ evənstən], Stadt in Illinois, USA, am Michigansee im nördlichen Vorstadtbereich von Chicago, 73 300 Einwohner.   Geschichte:   Evanston entstand und entwickelte sich um die Northwestern University (gegründet 1851) zu einem wichtigen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Evanston — (spr. éwwenst n), 1) Stadt in der Grafschaft Cook des nordamerikan. Staates Illinois, am Michigansee, 18 km von Chicago, Sitz der North Western University (1900: 2629 Studierende), einer Frauenhochschule, hat (1900) 18,721 Einw. – 2) Hauptort der …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Evanston — (spr. eww nst n), Stadt im nordamerik. Staate Illinois, am Michigansee, (1900) 19.259 E.; Universität …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Evanston — [ev′ən stən] [after Dr. John Evans, local philanthropist] city in NE Ill., on Lake Michigan: suburb of Chicago: pop. 74,000 …   English World dictionary