Eureka


Eureka
/yoo ree"keuh, yeuh-/, n.
a city in NW California. 24,153.

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      city, port, and seat (1856) of Humboldt county, northern California, U.S. Lying on Humboldt Bay, Eureka is located 275 miles (440 km) north of San Francisco and about 90 miles (145 km) south of the border between Oregon and California. It was laid out in 1850 and named for the Greek motto (meaning “I have found it”) on the state seal. Eureka, the site of Fort Humboldt (1853, now a state historic park) and the scene of several Indian uprisings (1853–65) and a massacre of Indian women and children (1860), developed with the exploitation of nearby redwood forests and some mining activity. It is a major lumber and commercial-fishing centre and headquarters for Six Rivers National Forest. Tourism and dairying are also important, and the city serves as a regional commercial and transportation centre. Eureka is the seat of the College of the Redwoods (1964; community college), and Humboldt State University (1913) is at nearby Arcata. Local attractions include Sequoia Park, with a zoo and a grove of virgin redwoods; Clarke Memorial Museum, with regional history exhibits; and Humboldt Bay Maritime Museum, dedicated to North Coast maritime history. Humboldt Bay National Wildlife Refuge is nearby, and Humboldt Redwoods State Park, California's largest redwood state park, is 45 miles (70 km) due south of the city. Inc. 1856. Pop. (1990) 27,025; (2000) 26,128.

byname of  European Research Agency, 

      European (Europe) cooperative organization inaugurated in April 1985 by 18 European nations and formally established with a secretariat in Brussels in 1986. Its purpose is to promote European high-technology industries by linking the efforts of various companies and channeling moneys for their research. The original 18 member nations are the 12 European Community nations (Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom) and Austria, Finland, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and Turkey. In 1986 Iceland was admitted.

      The aim of the organization, first suggested by France and West Germany, is to strengthen European efforts in areas of strategic research—such as advanced electronics, computers, lasers, transport systems, and environmental control—by encouraging companies in different countries to pool their efforts and develop marketable products. By the organization's charter, a project must include participants of more than one country, offer an identifiable expected benefit, seek a significant technological advance, and secure adequate financial commitment from the companies involved. The individual companies may (and usually do) receive compensatory research grants or subsidies from their national governments. The secretariat in Brussels acts as a clearinghouse for proposals for research projects.

      county, central Nevada, U.S. It is drained by the Humboldt River and Pine Creek. The Sulphur Springs, Fish Creek, and Cortez ranges cover the largely mountainous and arid area; the county is sparsely populated.

      Gold and silver mining is the chief economic activity, although there is some agriculture. The county was created in 1873, and its seat is Eureka. Area 4,176 square miles (10,816 square km). Pop. (2000) 1,651; (2007 est.) 1,559.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Eureka — Eureka, MT U.S. town in Montana Population (2000): 1017 Housing Units (2000): 494 Land area (2000): 1.008335 sq. miles (2.611576 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.008335 sq. miles (2.611576 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

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  • eurêka — [ øreka ] interj. • 1821; mot gr. « j ai trouvé ! », attribué par la légende à Archimède lorsqu il découvrit dans son bain la loi de la pesanteur spécifique des corps ♦ S emploie lorsqu on trouve subitement une solution, une bonne idée. N. m. «… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • EUREKA — EUREKA, often abbreviated as E! , is a pan European research and development funding and coordination organisation. EUREKA aims to coordinate efforts of governments and commercial companies. It does not partake in, for example, military… …   Wikipedia


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