ethyl ether


ethyl ether
ether (def. 1).
[1875-80]

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also called  diethyl ether 

      well-known anesthetic, commonly called simply ether, an organic compound belonging to a large group of compounds called ethers; its molecular structure consists of two ethyl groups linked through an oxygen atom, as in C2H5OC2H5.

      Ethyl ether is a colourless, volatile, highly flammable liquid (boiling point 34.5° C [94.1° F]) with a powerful, characteristic odour and a hot, sweetish taste. It is a widely used solvent for bromine, iodine, most fatty and resinous substances, volatile oils, pure rubber, and certain vegetable alkaloids.

      Ethyl ether is manufactured by the distillation of ethyl alcohol with sulfuric acid. Pure ether (absolute ether), required for medical purposes and in the preparation of Grignard reagents, is prepared by washing the crude ether with a saturated aqueous solution of calcium chloride, then treating with sodium.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ethyl ether — Ether E ther ([=e] th[ e]r), n. [L. aether, Gr. a iqh r, fr. a i qein to light up, kindle, burn, blaze; akin to Skr. idh, indh, and prob. to E. idle: cf. F. [ e]ther.] [Written also {[ae]ther}.] 1. (Physics) A medium of great elasticity and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ethyl ether — n. see ETHER (sense 4) …   English World dictionary

  • ethyl ether — noun a colorless volatile highly inflammable liquid formerly used as an inhalation anesthetic • Syn: ↑ether, ↑ethoxyethane, ↑divinyl ether, ↑vinyl ether, ↑diethyl ether • Derivationally related forms: ↑ethereal ( …   Useful english dictionary

  • ethyl ether — SYN: diethyl ether. * * * ethyl ether n ETHER (2a) * * * ether (def. 2) …   Medical dictionary

  • ethyl ether — dietileteris statusas T sritis chemija formulė (C₂H₅)₂O atitikmenys: angl. diethyl ether; ethyl ether rus. диэтиловый эфир; серный эфир; этиловый эфир ryšiai: sinonimas – etileteris …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • ethyl ether — noun Date: 1878 ether 3a …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • ethyl ether — noun An alternative name for diethyl ether …   Wiktionary

  • ethyl ether — eth′yl e′ther n. chem. ether 1) • Etymology: 1875–80 …   From formal English to slang

  • ethyl ether — /ɛθəl ˈiθə/ (say ethuhl eethuh), /iθaɪl/ (say eethuyl) noun See ether (def. 1b) …   Australian English dictionary

  • phenyl ethyl ether — Chem. phenetole. * * * …   Universalium


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