Erasistratus


Erasistratus
/er'euh sis"treuh teuhs/, n.
c300-250 B.C., Greek physician and physiologist.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Erasistratus — of Chios (304 BC 250 BC) was a Greek anatomist and royal physician under Seleucus I Nicator of Syria. Along with fellow Greek Philosopher Herophilus, he founded a school of anatomy in Alexandria. Alexandria was an Egyptian city that fostered the… …   Wikipedia

  • Erasistratus — Erasistrătus, griech. Arzt, um 300 v. Chr., geb. auf der Insel Keos, lebte zu Antiochien und Alexandrien, gest. in Ionien in hohem Alter, Stifter einer eigenen mediz. Schule (Erasistratēer), machte bes. in der Lehre vom Gehirn und Nervensystem… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Erasistratus — Erasistratus, einer der berühmtesten griech. Aerzte aus der Alexandrinischen Schule u. Stifter einer eigenen Schule, von Julis auf Keos gebürtig, um 300 v. Chr. Er lebte zu Alexandrien, und erwarb sich durch seine Sectionen nicht bloß an Leichen …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • ERASISTRATUS — Medicus eximus ex Aristotelis familia, eius ex filia nepos, cuius multis in locis meminit Plin. Inter alia ostendit, famem fieri, propter inanes ac patentes intestinorum, et ventriuculi fibras. Gell. l. 16. c. 3. Floruit autem sub Ptol.… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Erasistratus — /er euh sis treuh teuhs/, n. c300 250 B.C., Greek physician and physiologist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Erasistratus of Chios — (c. 304 bc–259 bc) Greek anatomist and physician Erasistratus, who was born on the Greek island of Chios, came from a distinctly medical background and studied in Athens, Cos, and Alexandria. Following Herophilus he became the leading figure in… …   Scientists

  • Erasistratus Of Ceos — ▪ Greek physician flourished c. 250 BC       Greek anatomist and physician in Alexandria, regarded by some as the founder of physiology.       Known especially for his studies of the circulatory and nervous systems, Erasistratus noted the… …   Universalium

  • Erasistratus of Ceos — See Hellenistic biological sciences …   History of philosophy

  • Hellenistic biological sciences — R.J.Kankinson The five centuries that separate Aristotle’s death in 322 BC from Galen’s ascendancy in Rome in the latter part of the second century AD were fertile ones for the biological sciences, in particular medicine. Nor is the period solely …   History of philosophy

  • pneumatism — ▪ medical theory       in medicine, Alexandrian medical school, or sect, based on the theory that life is associated with a subtle vapour called the pneuma; it was, in essence, an attempt to explain respiration.       Pneumatism was expounded by… …   Universalium


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