English horn


English horn
a large oboe, a fifth lower in pitch than the ordinary oboe, having a pear-shaped bell and producing a mellow tone. Also called cor anglais.
[1830-40]

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Orchestral woodwind instrument, a large oboe pitched a 5th below the ordinary oboe.

It has a bent metal crook, to hold the double reed, and a bulbous bell. It is a transposing instrument (its music written in a different tone than it actually sounds) in F. It is neither English nor a horn; in its original name, cor anglais, cor ("horn") referred to its original hornlike curved shape, but the source of anglais ("English") is a mystery. It has remained a basically orchestral instrument since its first appearance с 1750.

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French  cor anglais,  German  Englischhorn,  
 orchestral woodwind instrument, a large oboe pitched a fifth below the ordinary oboe, with a bulbous bell and, at the top end, a bent metal crook on which the double reed is placed. It is pitched in F, being written a fifth higher than it sounds. Its compass is from the E below middle C to the second E above. The name first appeared in Vienna about 1760; “cor” refers to the curved or hornlike shape it then had, but the origin of “anglais” (“English”) remains a mystery. The curved form, which survived locally to 1900, was nearly identical to the 18th-century oboe da caccia and is now sometimes used for J.S. Bach's (Bach, Johann Sebastian) parts for that instrument. The English horn was also built in an angular form.

      The modern straight form was first exhibited in 1839 by Henri Brod of Paris. The English horn appears in many Romantic works, notably those of Hector Berlioz (Berlioz, Hector), César Franck (Franck, César), and Richard Wagner (Wagner, Richard).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • English horn — noun count AMERICAN a long wooden musical instrument with a low sound that you play by blowing through it. An English horn is a woodwind instrument …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • English horn — English Eng lish, a. [AS. Englisc, fr. Engle, Angle, Engles, Angles, a tribe of Germans from the southeast of Sleswick, in Denmark, who settled in Britain and gave it the name of England. Cf. {Anglican}.] Of or pertaining to England, or to its… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • English Horn — English Horn,   Abkürzung ca: Oboe …   Universal-Lexikon

  • English horn — n AmE a long wooden musical instrument which is like an ↑oboe but with a lower sound British Equivalent: cor anglais …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • English horn — n. a double reed woodwind instrument similar to the oboe but larger and a fifth lower in pitch …   English World dictionary

  • English horn — noun a double reed woodwind instrument similar to an oboe but lower in pitch • Syn: ↑cor anglais • Hypernyms: ↑double reed instrument, ↑double reed * * * noun, pl ⋯ horns [count] chiefly US : a musical instrument that is similar to the oboe but… …   Useful english dictionary

  • english horn — Englisch Horn нем. [э/нглиш хорн] english horn англ. [и/нглиш хо/он] англ. рожок …   Словарь иностранных музыкальных терминов

  • English horn — Synonyms and related words: Pandean pipe, aulos, basset horn, basset oboe, bassoon, block flute, bombard, bourdon, cello, claribel, clarinet, clarion, concert flute, contrabassoon, contrafagotto, cornet, cornopean, cromorna, cromorne, cymbel,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • English horn — Eng′lish horn′ n. mad a large oboe, a fifth lower in pitch than the ordinary oboe, having a pear shaped bell and producing a mellow tone • Etymology: 1830–40 …   From formal English to slang

  • English horn — noun Etymology: translation of Italian corno inglese Date: 1838 a double reed woodwind instrument resembling the oboe in design but having a longer tube and a range a fifth lower than that of the oboe …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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