endometriosis


endometriosis
/en'doh mee'tree oh"sis/, n. Pathol.
the presence of uterine lining in other pelvic organs, esp. the ovaries, characterized by cyst formation, adhesions, and menstrual pains.
[1920-25; < NL; see ENDOMETRIUM, -OSIS]

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Disorder of the female reproductive system in which endometrium (uterine lining) grows in an abnormal location because some endometrial fragments traverse the fallopian tubes into the abdominal cavity and become embedded on structures there, usually the ovaries, rather than exiting the uterus via the vagina (during menstruation).

Symptoms include pain on menstruation, sexual intercourse, defecation, and/or urination; heavy menstrual flow; blood in the urine; and infertility. Diagnosis is best made by laparoscopy. Treatment includes surgery and hormones to suppress ovulation for six to nine months.

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      disorder of the female reproductive system (reproductive system, human) characterized by the growth of endometrial tissue (uterine lining) in an abnormal location.

      Rather than flowing out of the uterus by way of the vagina (during menstruation), some fragments of the endometrium may leave via the fallopian tubes and move into the pelvic cavity, where they become embedded on other pelvic structures. The most common location of the implants of endometrial tissue are the ovaries (ovary); other areas and organs that are affected are the uterus, the ligaments supporting the pelvic organs, the rectovaginal septum (the membrane dividing the rectum from the vagina), the sigmoid colon (the portion of the large intestine that leads into the rectum), the lower genital tract, and the peritoneum (membrane) lining the pelvis. Rarely, endometrial growths are found in the lungs. Symptoms associated with this disease include (1) progressive, severe pain associated with menstruation or occurring just before it ( dysmenorrhea), (2) dyspareunia (painful intercourse), (3) painful defecation, (4) slight bleeding before menstruation and excessive flow during menstruation, (5) painful urination and blood in the urine, and (6) infertility.

      The condition is best diagnosed by laparoscopy, a surgical procedure that allows a physician to examine visually the pelvic organs for endometrial adhesions. For mild endometriosis, pain medications may be the only necessary treatment. Treatment of more severe endometriosis includes surgery and the suppression of ovulation for six to nine months by administration of hormones.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Endometriosis — Classification and external resources ICD 10 N80 I …   Wikipedia

  • Endometriosis — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Endometriosis Clasificación y recursos externos Aviso médico CIE 10 N80 …   Wikipedia Español

  • endometriosis — f. ginec. Trastorno de tejido del endometrio que consiste en la formación de la mucosa endometrial fuera de la cavidad uterina, conservando sus caracteres morfológicos y funcionales (descaman durante la menstruación). Cuando el foco se desarrolla …   Diccionario médico

  • endometriosis — f. Med. Formación de mucosa uterina en órganos distintos del útero …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • endometriosis — [en΄dō mē΄trē ō′sis] n. pl. endometrioses [en΄dō mē΄trē ōsēz΄] [see ENDOMETRIUM & OSIS] the growth of endometrial tissue in abnormal locations, as on the ovaries or within the peritoneal cavity …   English World dictionary

  • Endometriosis — In endometriosis, cells that normally grow inside the uterus (womb), instead grow outside the uterus. Summary: Endometriosis is very common; the cause and why some women have endometriosis and many others do not has not been fully fathomed,… …   Medical dictionary

  • Endometriosis — ► sustantivo femenino MEDICINA Afección ginecológica que se caracteriza por la presencia de un tumor fuera del útero, constituido por mucosa uterina. IRREG. plural endometriosis * * * endometriosis. f. Med. Formación de mucosa uterina en órganos… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • endometriosis —    The presence of endometrial tissue outside of the uterus. The endometrium is the mucus membrane inner lining of the uterus, with glandular cells and structural cells, both responding to estrogen by increasing in size (the proliferative phase); …   Herbal-medical glossary

  • endometriosis — {{#}}{{LM E15027}}{{〓}} {{[}}endometriosis{{]}} ‹en·do·me·trio·sis› {{◆}}(pl. endometriosis){{◇}} {{《}}▍ s.f.{{》}} Asentamiento de las mucosas uterinas fuera del útero. {{★}}{{\}}ETIMOLOGÍA:{{/}} De endometrio y osis (enfermedad) …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • endometriosis — noun Etymology: New Latin Date: 1925 the presence and growth of functioning endometrial tissue in places other than the uterus that often results in severe pain and infertility …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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