emerald


emerald
/em"euhr euhld, em"reuhld/, n.
1. a rare variety of beryl that is colored green by chromium and valued as a gem.
3. Print. (in Britain) a 61/2-point type of a size between nonpareil and minion.
4. Ornith. any of numerous small bright green hummingbirds of the genus Chlorostilbon.
adj.
5. having a clear, deep-green color.
[1250-1300; ME emeraude, emeralde < AF, OF esmeraude, esmeralde, esmeragde < L smaragdus < Gk smáragdos; prob. ult. < Sem b-r-q shine ( > > Skt marak(a)la emerald)]

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Grass-green variety of beryl that is highly valued as a gemstone.

Its physical properties are those of beryl. Its refractive and dispersive powers (i.e., its capacity to deflect light and to break white light into its component colours) are not high, so cut stones display little brilliancy or fire (flashes of colour). The colour that gives this gem its value is due to the presence of small amounts of chromium. The most important production of fine quality gem material is from Colombia; emeralds are also mined in Russia, Australia, South Africa, and Zimbabwe. Synthetic emeralds are identical to natural crystals and may rival them in colour and beauty.

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      town, central Queensland, Australia, on the Nogoa River, at the junction of the Capricorn and Gregory highways, 172 miles (276 km) west of Rockhampton. P.F. MacDonald, an early settler, established Emerald Downs station (ranch) in the 1860s. In the 1880s the region's economy depended largely on gemstones, which still are exploited commercially and attract amateur gem collectors. Cattle and sheep raising, together with the cultivation of numerous crops (including cotton) irrigated with water from the Fairbairn Dam, are now the basis of the town's prosperity. Brisbane lies about 570 miles (917 km) to the southeast. Pop. (2006) local government area, 14,355.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Emerald — (englisch für Smaragd) bezeichnet eine Band, siehe Emerald (Band) eine US amerikanische Erotik Schauspielerin *1973, siehe Emerald (Schauspielerin) den britischen Leichten Kreuzer HMS Emerald, Baujahr 1920 ein Kreuzfahrtschiff, siehe Emerald… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Emerald — Em er*ald, a. Of a rich green color, like that of the emerald. Emerald meadows. Byron. [1913 Webster] {Emerald fish} (Zo[ o]l.), a fish of the Gulf of Mexico ({Gobionellus oceanicus}), remarkable for the brilliant green and blue color of the base …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • emerald — bright green precious stone, c.1300, emeraude, from O.Fr. esmeraude (12c.), from M.L. esmaraldus, from L. smaragdus, from Gk. smaragdos green gem (emerald or malachite), from Sem. baraq shine (Cf. Heb. bareqeth emerald, Arabic barq lightning ).… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Emerald — (Пунта дель Эсте,Уругвай) Категория отеля: Адрес: Avenida Terradel y Martin Pascual, 20100 …   Каталог отелей

  • Emerald — (Плака,Греция) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адрес: Plaka Apokoronou, Плака, 73008, Гр …   Каталог отелей

  • Emerald — Em er*ald, n. [OE. emeraude, OF. esmeraude, esmeralde, F. [ e]meraude, L. smaragdus, fr. Gr. ?; cf. ?kr. marakata.] 1. (Min.) A precious stone of a rich green color, a variety of beryl. See {Beryl}. [1913 Webster] 2. (Print.) A kind of type, in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Emerald — (программа) Emerald (судно) Список значений слова или словосочетания со ссылками на соответствующие статьи. Если вы попали сюда из …   Википедия

  • emerald — [em′ər əld] n. [ME & OFr emeralde < VL smaraldus, for L smaragdus < Gr smaragdos, of non European orig.] 1. a transparent, bright green precious stone; green variety of beryl 2. a similar variety of corundum 3. bright green adj. 1. bright… …   English World dictionary

  • Emerald — (franz. Émeraude), soviel wie Smaragd …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Emerald — Emerald, s.v.w. Smaragd; s. Beryll …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Emerald — f English: from the name of the gemstone, representing a vernacular form of ESMERALDA (SEE Esmeralda) …   First names dictionary


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