Ellis Island


Ellis Island
an island in upper New York Bay: a former U.S. immigrant examination station.

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Island, Upper New York Bay, southeastern New York, U.S. It lies southwest of Manhattan island and has an area of about 27 acres (11 hectares).

In 1808 the state of New York sold the island to the federal government. It served as the nation's major immigration station from 1892 until 1943, when immigrant processing was moved to New York City proper. It became part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument in 1965; its restored main hall is the site of the Ellis Island Immigration Museum.

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  island in Upper New York Bay, formerly the United States' principal immigration reception centre. The island lies about 1 mile (1.6 km) southwest of Manhattan Island (Manhattan), New York City, and about 1,300 feet (400 metres) east of the New Jersey shore. It has an area of about 27 acres (11 hectares).

   The island was named for Manhattan merchant Samuel Ellis, who owned it in the 1770s. For a time, ships' ballast was dumped there, and much of the island's current area consists of landfill. In 1808 the state of New York sold the island to the federal government, and it was used as a fort and powder magazine. It served as the nation's major immigration station from 1892 to 1924, after which its role was reduced; during that period an estimated 17 million immigrants passed through Ellis Island, where they were processed by immigration authorities and obtained permission to enter the United States. After immigration reception was moved to New York City proper in 1943, Ellis Island continued to serve as a detention station for aliens and deportees until 1954. It became part of Statue of Liberty National Monument (Liberty, Statue of) (along with nearby Liberty Island) in 1965 and was reopened to sightseers in 1976 by the National Park Service. The Main Building and other structures on the island were restored in the 1980s and opened in 1990 as the Ellis Island Immigration Museum.

      The jurisdiction of the island, which lies in New Jersey waters but traditionally has been considered a part of New York City, became the source of a long-running dispute between New Jersey and New York. An agreement between the two states in 1834 gave sovereignty of what was then a 3.3-acre (1.3-hectare) island to New York. In 1998 the U.S. Supreme Court allowed New York to retain this area but awarded sovereignty of the remainder of the island—composed of the landfill added after 1834—to New Jersey.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ellis Island — Vue aérienne d Ellis Island dans l Upper New York Bay à côté de la statue de la Liberté (non visible), deux symboles de l immigration vers le nouveau monde et …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ellis island — 40° 41′ 55″ N 74° 02′ 28″ W / 40.698698, 74.040985 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ellis Island — Ellis Island …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ellis Island — sandy island in mouth of Hudson River, said to have been called Gull Island by local Indians and Oyster Island by the Dutch, renamed Gull Island after the British took over, then Gibbet Island because pirates were hanged there. Sold to Samuel… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Ellis Island — [after S. Ellis, a former owner] small, government owned island in Upper New York Bay: former (1892 1943) examination center for immigrants seeking to enter the U.S.: 27 acres (11 hectares) …   English World dictionary

  • Ellis Island — For the island in Australia, see Ellis Island (Queensland). Ellis Island Ellis Island Immigration Museum Location: Jersey City and …   Wikipedia

  • Ellis Island — noun an island in New York Bay that was formerly the principal immigration station for the United States some twelve millions immigrants passed through Ellis Island • Instance Hypernyms: ↑island • Part Holonyms: ↑New Jersey, ↑Jersey, ↑Garden… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Ellis Island — El|lis Is|land a small island close to New York City, which for over 50 years (1892 1943) was the main centre for dealing with people arriving in the US who wanted to settle in the country as ↑immigrants. Millions of people, mostly from Europe,… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Ellis Island — geographical name island SE New York in Upper New York Bay; served as immigration station 1892 1954 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Ellis Island — Ẹllis Island   [ aɪlənd], kleine Insel in der Upper New York Bay, USA, nahe der Freiheitsstatue; auf ihr befand sich 1892 1943 die Kontrollstelle für Einwanderer, bis 1954 ein Internierungslager …   Universal-Lexikon


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