Elgin

Elgin
/el"jin/ for 1; /el"gin/ for 2, n.
1. a city in NE Illinois. 63,798.
2. former name of Moray.

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(as used in expressions)
Baylor Elgin
Elgin James Bruce 8th earl of

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      city, Kane and Cook counties, northeastern Illinois, U.S. It lies on the Fox River, about 40 miles (65 km) northwest of downtown Chicago. Potawatomi Indians were early inhabitants of the region. Elgin was founded in 1835 by James Talcott Gifford, a settler from New York, and named for a Scottish hymn. In 1838 a dam was built on the river, and soon several mills were in operation. Following the arrival of a railway link in 1850, Elgin quickly became a major dairy-producing centre; by the 1920s, however, the industry had declined dramatically. In 1865 the Elgin Milk Condensing Company was opened by Gail Borden (Borden, Gail); it was closed in 1918. From 1864 to 1969 the city was the home of the Elgin National Watch Company.

      Casino gambling, financial services, and health care are important to Elgin's economy. Manufactures include electronic equipment, industrial bearings, plastics, commercial cooking equipment, and sealing devices. The city is the site of Elgin Academy, a college preparatory school chartered in 1839. Also in Elgin are Judson College (Baptist; 1963) and Elgin Community College (1949). The city has a symphony orchestra, theatre groups, and a natural history museum. Inc. town, 1846; city, 1854. Pop. (1990) 77,010; (2000) 94,487.

 royal burgh (town) and city, in Moray council area and historic county, northeastern Scotland, situated on the River Lossie in the fertile plain of Moray, of which it is the market town.

      On a hill to the west stood the 12th-century castle that in 1291 marked the northern limit of the English occupation of Scotland. The castle was destroyed after the Battle of Bannockburn (1314), which restored Scottish independence. The once-splendid cathedral of Moray, now a ruin, was founded in 1224, and Elgin gained royal burgh status in 1234. Twice destroyed by fire during the Middle Ages, the cathedral was rebuilt in the form of a Jerusalem cross on a scale that made it one of the finest churches in Scotland. The 18th century, when the cathedral finally fell into ruin, was the great period of Scottish town architecture, and much of the High Street was lined with fine stone houses.

      Elgin now serves as an educational and market centre for a wide area. Its industries include whisky distilling and wool milling. The internationally famous Gordonstoun School, an independent boarding school founded in 1934 by the German educator Kurt Hahn, lies 6 miles (10 km) to the north. Elgin is the historic county town (seat) and administrative centre of Moray. Pop. (2004 est.) 20,580.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Elgin — Elgin, AZ U.S. Census Designated Place in Arizona Population (2000): 309 Housing Units (2000): 153 Land area (2000): 48.514130 sq. miles (125.651015 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 48.514130 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Elgin — Elgin, Moray ( gd. Eilginn) is a former royal burgh and parliamentary burgh in Moray, Scotland. The origin of the name is obscure, but may be derived from Eilgín , Little Ireland. [ W.J. Watson, History of the Celtic Placenames of Scotland, 1926… …   Wikipedia

  • Elgin — ist die Bezeichnung einer Stadt in Schottland Elgin (Moray) eines Ortes in Neuseeland, Elgin (Neuseeland) mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Elgin (Alabama) Elgin (Arizona) Elgin (Illinois) Elgin (Iowa) Elgin (Kansas) Elgin (Minnesota)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elgin —    ELGIN, a burgh, market town, and parish, in the county of Elgin, of which it is the capital, 63½ miles (N. W.) from Aberdeen, and 174 (N.) from Edinburgh; containing 5216 inhabitants, of whom 4325 are in the town. This place appears to have… …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Elgin, SC — U.S. town in South Carolina Population (2000): 806 Housing Units (2000): 306 Land area (2000): 0.966795 sq. miles (2.503988 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.966795 sq. miles (2.503988 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Elgin — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Elgin (gaélico: Eilginn) es una antigua ciudad catedralicia y antiguo Burgo Real en el area de Moray. La ciudad se creó al sur del rio Lossie, en una zona elevada. Elgin es documentada por primera vez en el Capítulo… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Elgin, AZ — U.S. Census Designated Place in Arizona Population (2000): 309 Housing Units (2000): 153 Land area (2000): 48.514130 sq. miles (125.651015 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 48.514130 sq. miles (125 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Elgin, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 676 Housing Units (2000): 349 Land area (2000): 0.668449 sq. miles (1.731275 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.668449 sq. miles (1.731275 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Elgin, IL — U.S. city in Illinois Population (2000): 94487 Housing Units (2000): 32665 Land area (2000): 25.002572 sq. miles (64.756361 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.386144 sq. miles (1.000108 sq. km) Total area (2000): 25.388716 sq. miles (65.756469 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Elgin, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 82 Housing Units (2000): 54 Land area (2000): 0.185610 sq. miles (0.480728 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.185610 sq. miles (0.480728 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Elgin, MN — U.S. city in Minnesota Population (2000): 826 Housing Units (2000): 324 Land area (2000): 0.654121 sq. miles (1.694165 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.654121 sq. miles (1.694165 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places


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