Ecbatana


Ecbatana
/ek bat"n euh/, n.
ancient name of Hamadan.

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▪ ancient city, Iran
      ancient city on the site of which stands the modern city of Hamadān (Hamadan) (q.v.), Iran. Ecbatana was the capital of Media and was subsequently the summer residence of the Achaemenian kings and one of the residences of the Parthian kings. According to ancient Greek writers, the city was founded in about 678 BC by the semilegendary Deioces, who was the first king of the Medes. The Greek historian Herodotus described the city in the 5th century BC as being surrounded by seven concentric walls. Ecbatana was captured from the Median ruler Astyages by the Persian king Cyrus the Great in 550 BC, and it was taken from the last Achaemenian ruler by Alexander the Great in 330 BC. The site of the ancient city lies partly within the modern city of Hamadān and has never been excavated.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ecbatana — (Old Persian: Haŋgmatana , written Agbatana in Aeschylus and Herodotus, Agámtanu by Nabonidos, and Agamatanu at Behistun; modern Hamadan, Iran) (literally: the place of gathering ) is supposed to be the capital of Astyages ( Istuvegü ), which was …   Wikipedia

  • Ecbatana — [ek bat′ n ə] capital of ancient Media, on the site of modern HAMADAN (Iran) …   English World dictionary

  • Ecbatana — Rhyton dorado de Irán perteneciente al período aqueménida. Excavado en Ecbatana. Se encuentra en el Museo Nacional de Irán. Bajo el dominio de los reyes persas, Ecbatana, situado a los pies del Monte Elvend, se convirtió en una residencia de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • ECBATANA — I. ECBATANA plur. num. metropolis Mediae, vel ut quidam existimant, regia quaedam magna a Deioce rege Medorum. Strab. l. 11. Ceterum Echatana Polyb. l. 10. videntur πλούτῳ καὶ τῇ τῆς καταςκευῆς πολυτελείᾳ μέγα τι παρα τὰς ἄλλας διενηνο χέναι… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Ecbatana —    Originally the capital of the Median Empire and later a key city in the Persian, Seleucid, and Parthian empires. According to the Greek historian Herodotus, Ecbatana (modern Hamadan), located in the Zagros Mountains directly east of central… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Ecbatana — geographical name see Hamadan …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Ecbatana — noun /ɛkˈbætənə/ Ancient city in Iran on the site of modern Hamadan. The capital of Media and subsequently a royal residence of Persian and Parthian kings …   Wiktionary

  • Ecbatana —    (Ezra 6:2 marg.). (See Achmetha.) …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Ecbátana — ► Antigua c. de Asia, en el oeste del actual Irán, cap. de la Media (ss. VII VI a C). Es la actual Hamadān …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • ECBATANA —    the ancient capital of Media, situated near Mount Orontes (now Elvend); was surrounded by seven walls of different colours that increased in elevation towards the central citadel; was a summer residence of the Persian and Parthian kings. The… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia


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