Dumfries


Dumfries
/dum frees"/, n.
1. Also called Dumfriesshire /dum frees"shear', -sheuhr/. a historic county in S Scotland.
2. a burgh of Dumfries and Galloway in S Scotland: burial place of Robert Burns. 29,259.

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Town (pop., 1995 est.: 31,000) and royal burgh, administrative centre of Dumfries and Galloway council area, southwestern Scotland.

In the historic county of Dumfriesshire, the town is situated on the left bank of the River Nith near the border with England. It is the main market centre for an intensive livestock-farming region. The poet Robert Burns lived there from 1791 to 1796 and is buried there; his house is now a museum.

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      royal burgh (1186), Dumfries and Galloway council area, historic county of Dumfriesshire, situated on the left bank of the River Nith 8 miles (13 km) from the Solway Firth, an Irish Sea inlet. Dumfries is the largest burgh in southwestern Scotland and the main market centre for an intensive livestock farming region.

      Designated a burgh in 1186, Dumfries suffered during the wars of Scottish independence and also from frequent raids because of its location near the English border. In 1745 the rebellious national leader Prince Charles Stuart (Charles Edward, the Young Pretender) held the town for ransom to obtain funds. Robert Burns (Burns, Robert), Scotland's national poet, lived in Dumfries from 1791 until his death in 1796. Numerous memorials are dedicated to him, and the Burns Mausoleum, which contains the poet's remains, was erected in 1815. Burns's house is now a museum. Hosiery and knitwear are the traditional crafts of the town, but the production of tweed has been replaced by new industries. No fewer than five bridges, including the 15th-century Old Bridge, span the River Nith. Pop. (2004 est.) 30,970.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Dumfries — [dum frēs′] former county of S Scotland, on Solway Firth: now part of DUMFRIES AND GALLOWAY …   English World dictionary

  • Dumfries — (spr. Dömfris), 1) Grafschaft in Südschottland, 63,37 QM., grenzt an die Grafschaften Ayr, Lanark, Peebles, Selkirk, Roxburgh, an die englische Grafschaft Cumberland, an den Solwaybusen des Irischen Meeres, an Kirkcudbright; ist durch Zweige der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Dumfries — (spr. dömfrīs), Hauptstadt (royal burgh) der nach ihr genannten schott. Grafschaft, links am Nith, 10 km oberhalb dessen Mündung, aber mit der Flut Schiffen von 150 Ton. zugänglich, hat an der Stelle des ehemaligen Schlosses die stattliche New… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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