drupe


drupe
/droohp/, n. Bot.
any fruit, as a peach, cherry, plum, etc., consisting of an outer skin, a usually pulpy and succulent middle layer, and a hard and woody inner shell usually enclosing a single seed.
[1745-55; < L drupa, druppa overripe olive < Gk drýppa olive]

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Fruit in which the outer layer is a thin skin, the middle layer is thick and usually fleshy (though sometimes tough, as in the almond, or fibrous, as in the coconut), and the inner layer (the pit) is hard and stony.

Within the pit is usually one seed. In aggregate fruits such as the raspberry and blackberry (which are not true berries), many small drupes are clumped together. Other representative drupes are the cherry, peach, mango, olive, and walnut.

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▪ plant anatomy
      fruit in which the outer layer of the ovary wall is a thin skin, the middle layer is thick and usually fleshy (though sometimes tough, as in the almond, or fibrous, as in the coconut), and the inner layer, known as the pit, or putamen, is hard and stony. Within the pit is usually one seed, or, rarely, two or three, in which case only one develops fully. In aggregate fruits such as the raspberry and blackberry—which are not true berries—many small drupes are clumped together. Other representative drupes are the cherry, peach, mango, olive, walnut, and dogwood.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • drupe — drupe …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • drupe — [ dryp ] n. f. • 1796; lat. drupa « pulpe » ♦ Bot. Fruit indéhiscent, charnu, à noyau (abricot, amande, cerise, noix, noix de coco, olive, pêche, prune...). ● drupe …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Drupe — (dr[udd]p), n. [F. drupe, L. drupa an overripe, wrinkled olive, fr. Gr. dry ppa.] (Bot.) A fruit consisting of pulpy, coriaceous, or fibrous exocarp, without valves, containing a nut or stone with a kernel. The exocarp is succulent in the plum,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • drupe — drupe; drupe·let; …   English syllables

  • drupe — 1753, from Mod.L. drupa stone fruit, from L. drupa (oliva) wrinkled olive, from Gk. dryppa, short for drypepes tree ripened, from drys tree + pepon ripe (see PUMPKIN (Cf. pumpkin)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • drupe — ► NOUN Botany ▪ a fleshy fruit with thin skin and a central stone, e.g. a plum or olive. ORIGIN Latin drupa overripe olive …   English terms dictionary

  • drupe — [dro͞op] n. [ModL drupa < L drupa (oliva), overripe (olive) < Gr druppa (elaa) olive, orig., (olive) ripened on tree, contr. < drupepēs] any fruit with a soft, fleshy part (mesocarp) covered by a skinlike outer layer ( exocarp, or… …   English World dictionary

  • Drupe — Diagram of a typical drupe (peach), showing both fruit and seed …   Wikipedia

  • Drupe — La pêche est une drupe typique En botanique, une drupe est un fruit charnu à noyau, comme la cerise, l abricot, la noix ou l olive. Il est issu d un pistil à carpelle unique, du type « infère » non adhérent. Dans le c …   Wikipédia en Français

  • drupe — UK [druːp] / US [drup] noun [countable] Word forms drupe : singular drupe plural drupes biology a fruit with a stone surrounded by a soft thick part covered with skin. peaches, plums and cherries are all drupes …   English dictionary

  • drupe — (dru p ) s. m. Terme de botanique. Fruit charnu indéhiscent, qui renferme un noyau, comme la cerise, la pêche et la noix revêtue de son brou.    Quelques auteurs font drupe du féminin. ÉTYMOLOGIE    Latin, drupa ou druppa, du grec, arbre, et,… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré


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