Dorian


Dorian
/dawr"ee euhn, dohr"-/, adj.
1. of or pertaining to the ancient Greek region of Doris or to the Dorians.
n.
2. a member of a people who entered Greece about the 12th century B.C., conquered the Peloponnesus, and destroyed the Mycenaean culture: one of the four main divisions of the prehistoric Greeks. Cf. Achaean (def. 5), Aeolian (def. 2), Ionian (def. 4).
[1595-1605; < L Dori(us) ( < Gk Dórios Dorian) + -AN]
/dawr"ee euhn, dohr"-/, n.
a male or female given name.

* * *

Any member of a major division of the ancient Greeks.

Coming from the north and northwest, they conquered the Peloponnese с 1100–1000 BC, overran the remnants of the Mycenaean and Minoan civilizations, and ushered in a dark age that lasted almost three centuries, until the rise of the Greek city-states. They had their own dialect and were organized into three tribes. Patterns of settlement determined their alliances in later Greek conflicts. To Greek culture they gave the Doric order of architecture, the tragic choral lyric, and a militarized aristocratic government. They assimilated into Greek societies in some cases, but in Sparta and Crete they held power and resisted cultural advancement.

* * *

people
      any member of a major division of the ancient Greek people, distinguished by a well-marked dialect and by their subdivision, within all their communities, into the “tribes” (phylai) of Hylleis, Pamphyloi, and Dymanes. These three tribes were apparently quite separate in origin from the four tribes found among the Ionian Greeks. The Dorian people are traditionally acknowledged as the conquerors of the Peloponnese (in the period 1100–1000 BC).

      In Greek tradition, the Dorians were thought to have gained their name from Doris, a small district in central Greece. According to this tradition, the sons of Heracles, the Heraclidae, were driven from their homeland in the Peloponnese by Eurystheus of Mycenae. The Heraclidae took refuge with Aegimius, the king of Doris. Several generations later, the Heraclid brothers Temenus, Aristodemus, and Cresphontes led the “Dorians” back in a successful invasion of the Peloponnese and thus recovered their heritage.

      In actual fact, the origins of the Dorians are necessarily obscure, but it appears they originated in northern and northwestern Greece, i.e., Macedonia and Epirus. From there they apparently swept southward into central Greece and then into the southern Aegean area in successive migrations beginning about 1100 BC, at the end of the Bronze Age. The invading Dorians had a relatively low cultural level, and their only major technological innovation was the iron slashing sword. The Dorians swept away the last of the declining Mycenaean and Minoan civilizations of southern Greece and plunged the region into a dark age out of which the Greek city-states began to emerge almost three centuries later.

      The migrating Dorians settled chiefly in the southern and eastern Peloponnese, establishing strong centres in Laconia (and its capital, Sparta), Messenia, Argolís, and the region of the Isthmus of Corinth. They also settled the southern Aegean islands of Melos, Thera, Rhodes, and Cos, along with the island of Crete. In fact, the Dorians reached as far east as the cities of Halicarnassus and Cnidus on the coast of mainland Anatolia (now southwestern Turkey). A great wave of renewed colonization beginning in the 8th century BC brought Dorian settlers to the island of Corcyra (modern Corfu), to Syracuse, Gela, and Acragas (now Agrigento) in Sicily, to Taras (now Taranto) in Italy, and to Cyrene in North Africa, as well as to scattered sites in the Crimea and along the Black Sea. Sparta, Corinth, and Argos were among the most important cities of Doric origin.

      Doric was one of the major dialects of the classical Greek language, along with the Ionic-Attic, Aeolic, and Arcado-Cypriot dialect groups. But because the Ionic-Attic dialect of Athens dominated Greek culture from the 5th century BC, very little remains of ancient writings in pure Doric dialect.

      The Dorian peoples had a seminal influence on the later development of Greek art. Indeed, the crowning achievements of Greek art and architecture from the 5th century BC arose from the combination of the art of the Doric peoples (with its restraint, power, and monumentality) and that of the Ionian peoples (with its grace, elegance, and ornateness). The massive and simple Doric order of architecture earned its name from its origin in the Doric-populated cities of the southern Aegean. The choral lyrics in Greek tragedy were also a Doric invention.

      Politically, the Dorian centres took two different courses of development. In Corinth, Rhodes, Argos, and various other mercantile-oriented city-states, the Dorian invaders, though at first reserving political power unto themselves, eventually merged with the conquered indigenous peoples of their regions. In Sparta and the island of Crete, by contrast, the Dorians kept power to themselves and constituted themselves into a ruling military class. These militarized Dorian aristocracies deliberately “froze” an archaic form of society (and sacrificed most of their cultural and artistic promise in the process) in order to maintain dominance over a larger population of serfs.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dorian — may refer to: Contents 1 Geography 2 Last names of real people 3 Music …   Wikipedia

  • Dorian — ist ein männlicher Vorname, der dem Roman von Oscar Wilde Das Bildnis des Dorian Gray entstammt. Die größte Verbreitung findet der Name in englischsprachigen Regionen, wo er gelegentlich auch als weiblicher Vorname auftaucht. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dorian Ho — (Chinese:何國鉦) is world renowned fashion designer from Hong Kong. He obtained his bachelors degree in marketing at Boston University in the United States. Prior to his joining the family business, which produces knitwear for major international… …   Wikipedia

  • Dorian — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Dorian Información personal Origen Barcelona, España Estado activo Información artística …   Wikipedia Español

  • Dorian — m English: early 20th century coinage, apparently invented by Oscar Wilde, as no evidence has been found of its existence before he used it for the central character in The Portrait of Dorian Gray (1891). Dorian Gray is a dissolute rake who… …   First names dictionary

  • Dorian — Do ri*an, a. 1. Of or pertaining to the ancient Greeks of Doris; Doric; as, a Dorian fashion. [1913 Webster] 2. (Mus.) Same as {Doric}, 3. Dorian mood. Milton. [1913 Webster] {Dorian mode} (Mus.), the first of the authentic church modes or tones …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Dorian — (Сими,Греция) Категория отеля: Адрес: Sými, Сими, 85600, Греция Описание …   Каталог отелей

  • dorian — DORIÁN, Ă, dorieni, e, s.m. şi f., adj. 1. s.m. şi f. (La pl.) Populaţie stabilită în antichitate în Pelopones, în Grecia insulară şi pe coastele Asiei Mici; (şi la sg.) persoană care aparţine acestei populaţii. 2. adj. Care aparţine dorienilor… …   Dicționar Român

  • Dorian — Do ri*an, n. A native or inhabitant of Doris in Greece. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Dorian — Difficile à localiser avec précision, le nom semble avoir été porté à la fois en Charente (et dans le Sud Ouest) et dans le Doubs. Formes similaires : Doriant (33), Doriand. On trouve aussi des Dorien, Dorient en Normandie. Le nom semble composé… …   Noms de famille

  • Dorian — c.1600, in reference to the mode of ancient Greek music, lit. of Doris, from Gk. Doris, district in central Greece, traditionally named for Doros, legendary ancestor of the Dorians, whose name is probably related to doron gift …   Etymology dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.