dominion


dominion
/deuh min"yeuhn/, n.
1. the power or right of governing and controlling; sovereign authority.
2. rule; control; domination.
3. a territory, usually of considerable size, in which a single rulership holds sway.
4. lands or domains subject to sovereignty or control.
5. Govt. a territory constituting a self-governing commonwealth and being one of a number of such territories united in a community of nations, or empire: formerly applied to self-governing divisions of the British Empire, as Canada and New Zealand.
6. dominions, Theol. domination (def. 3).
[1400-50; late ME < MF < ML *dominion- (s. of *dominio) lordship, equiv. to L domin(ium) DOMINIUM + -ion- -ION]

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▪ British Commonwealth
      the status, prior to 1939, of each of the British Commonwealth (British Empire) countries of Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the Union of South Africa, Eire, and Newfoundland (Newfoundland and Labrador). Although there was no formal definition of dominion status, a pronouncement by the Imperial Conference of 1926 described Great Britain and the dominions as “autonomous communities within the British Empire, equal in status, in no way subordinate one to another in any aspect of their domestic or external affairs, though united by a common allegiance to the Crown and freely associated as members of the British Commonwealth of Nations.”

      The main characteristics of dominion status were complete legislative authority as provided in the Statute of Westminster (Westminster, Statute of) (1931) and, in the executive sphere, the right of dominion ministers to direct access to the sovereign (previously advice on dominion matters could be tendered only by United Kingdom ministers). Internationally, it connoted the recognition of the dominions (except Newfoundland) as separate states, entitled to separate representation in the League of Nations and other international bodies, to appoint their own ambassadors, and to conclude their own treaties. At the same time, the dominions were not considered to stand in the same relation to the United Kingdom or among themselves as foreign countries. After 1947 the use of the expression was abandoned because it was thought in some quarters to imply a form of subordination, and the phrase “members of the Commonwealth” came into use.

      The definition of 1926 was modified in 1949, when it was agreed that countries could enjoy full Commonwealth membership but were not obligated to recognize the British monarch as their sovereign. The monarch was accepted as the symbol of the free association of the independent member nations and as such was the head of the Commonwealth. India was the first country to enter into such an arrangement, and by the 1990s it had been joined by most of the other Commonwealth nations. See also Commonwealth.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • DOMINION — DOMINI Le terme de dominion, au contenu juridique vague à dessein, est né en 1867 à l’occasion de la fondation de la Fédération canadienne et de la dévolution à son gouvernement central de la souveraineté interne. Il n’entre dans la titulature… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • dominion — do·min·ion /də min yən/ n 1 a: supreme authority: sovereignty b: a territory over which such authority is exercised c often cap: a self governing nation (as Canada) of the Commonwealth other than the United Kingdom that acknowl …   Law dictionary

  • dominion — DOMINIÓN, dominioane, s.n. Nume mai vechi dat statelor din afara insulelor britanice care fac parte din Imperiul Britanic, având statut de suveranitate şi egalitate în drepturi cu metropola. [pr.: ni on] – Din fr. dominion. Trimis de RACAI, 13.09 …   Dicționar Român

  • Dominion — Do*min ion, n. [LL. dominio, equiv. to L. dominium. See {Domain}, {Dungeon}.] 1. Sovereign or supreme authority; the power of governing and controlling; independent right of possession, use, and control; sovereignty; supremacy. [1913 Webster] I… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Dominion — может относится к: Содержание 1 Кино и телевидение 2 Музыка 3 Компании 4 См …   Википедия

  • dominion — (n.) early 15c., from O.Fr. dominion dominion, rule, power, from M.L. dominionem (nom. dominio), corresponding to L. dominium property, ownership, from dominus (see DOMINATION (Cf. domination)). British sovereign colonies often were called… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Dominion — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Dominion, de nombre real Matti Mäkelä, es un músico de Suecia que ha pertenecido a la banda de Dark Funeral, grabando y participando del álbum Diabolis Interim y en la gira Diabolis Interium world tour. Fue el… …   Wikipedia Español

  • dominion — ► NOUN 1) sovereignty; control. 2) the territory of a sovereign or government. 3) (Dominion) historical a self governing territory of the British Commonwealth. ORIGIN Latin dominium, from dominus lord, master …   English terms dictionary

  • dominìōn — m 〈G dominióna〉, {{c=1}}v. {{ref}}dominij (3){{/ref}} …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • dominion — dominìōn m <G dominióna> DEFINICIJA v. dominij (3) …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • dominion — control, command, sway, authority, jurisdiction, *power Analogous words: ascendancy, *supremacy: sovereignty (see under FREE adj) …   New Dictionary of Synonyms


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