/di wah"lee/, n.the Hindu festival of lights, celebrated as a religious holiday throughout India in mid-November.
* * *▪ Hindu festivalalso spelled Divalione of the major religious festivals in Hinduism, lasting for five days from the 13th day of the dark half of the lunar month Ashvina to the second day of the light half of Karttika. (The corresponding dates in the Gregorian calendar usually fall in late October and November.) The name is derived from the Sanskrit term dipavali meaning “row of lights,” which are lit on the new-moon night to bid the presence of Lakshmi (Lakṣmī), the goddess of wealth. In Bengal, however, the goddess Kali is worshiped, and in north India the festival also celebrates the return of Rama, Sita, Lakshmana, and Hanuman to the city of Ayodhya, where Rama's rule of righteousness would commence.During the festival, small earthenware lamps filled with oil are lighted and placed in rows along the parapets of temples and houses and set adrift on rivers and streams. The fourth day—the main Diwali festival day and the beginning of the lunar month of Karttika—marks the beginning of the new year (New Year festival) according to the Vikrama calendar. Merchants perform religious ceremonies and open new account books. It is generally a time for visiting, exchanging gifts, cleaning and decorating houses, feasting, setting off fireworks displays, and wearing new clothes. Gambling is encouraged during this season as a way of ensuring good luck for the coming year and in remembrance of the games of dice played by the Lord Shiva and Parvati (Pārvatī) on Mount Kailasa or similar contests between Radha and Krishna. Ritually, in honour of Lakshmi, the female player always wins.Diwali is also an important festival in Jainism. For the Jain community, many of whose members belong to the merchant class, the day commemorates the passing into nirvana of Mahavira, the most recent of the Jain Tirthankaras. The lighting of the lamps is explained as a material substitute for the light of holy knowledge that was extinguished with Mahavira's passing. Since the 18th century Diwali has been celebrated in Sikhism as the time Guru Hargobind (Hargobind) returned to Amritsar from a supposed captivity in Gvalior—apparently an echo of Rama's return to Ayodhya. Residents of Amritsar are said to have lighted lamps throughout the city to celebrate the occasion.
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Diwali — (Dipawali) Diyas (oil lamp) during Diwali Also called Translation: Row of Lights; Diwali, Festival of Lights Observed by Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, Bu … Wikipedia
Diwali — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El Diwali (también Divali, Deepavali o Deepawali) es una fiesta religiosa conocida también como el «festival de las luces», que celebran miembros de varias religiones en India, como el hinduismo, el budismo, el… … Wikipedia Español
Diwali — (also Divali) ► NOUN ▪ a Hindu festival with lights, held in October and November to celebrate the end of the monsoon. ORIGIN Sanskrit, row of lights … English terms dictionary
Diwali — Traditionelle Diwali Öllampe Lichter … Deutsch Wikipedia
Diwali — El Diwali (también transcrito como Deepavali o Deepawali) es una fiesta religiosa hindú conocida también como el festival de las luces. Durante el Diwali, celebrado una vez al año, la gente estrena nuevas ropas, comparte dulces y hace explotar… … Enciclopedia Universal
Diwali — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Diwali : Fête de la lumière, qui, dans certaines régions de l Inde correspond au nouvel an. Diwali : riddim de ragga/dancehall. Catégorie :… … Wikipédia en Français
Diwali — UK [dɪˈwɑːlɪ] / US [dɪˈwɑlɪ] noun [countable/uncountable] Word forms Diwali : singular Diwali plural Diwalis an important festival in the Hindu religion that takes place in October or November … English dictionary
diwali — n. a Hindu festival with illuminations, held between September and November. Etymology: Hind. diwali f. Skr. dipavali row of lights f. dipa lamp * * * Diwali var. Dewalee … Useful english dictionary
Diwali — [[t]dɪwɑ͟ːli[/t]] also Divali N UNCOUNT Diwali is a Hindu festival held in honour of Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth. It is celebrated in October or November with the lighting of lamps in homes and temples, and with prayers to Lakshmi … English dictionary
Diwali — noun Hindu festival of lights, celebrated over several days in October and November … Wiktionary