divorce


divorce
divorceable, adj.divorcer, n.divorcive, adj.
/di vawrs", -vohrs"/, n., v. divorced, divorcing.
n.
1. a judicial declaration dissolving a marriage in whole or in part, esp. one that releases the husband and wife from all matrimonial obligations. Cf. judicial separation.
2. any formal separation of husband and wife according to established custom.
3. total separation; disunion: a divorce between thought and action.
v.t.
4. to separate by divorce: The judge divorced the couple.
5. to break the marriage contract between oneself and (one's spouse) by divorce: She divorced her husband.
6. to separate; cut off: Life and art cannot be divorced.
v.i.
7. to get a divorce.
[1350-1400; ME < AF < L divortium separation, equiv. to divort(ere), var. of DIVERTERE to DIVERT + -ium -IUM]
Syn. 6. dissociate, divide, disconnect, split, disjoin.

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Dissolution of a valid marriage, usually freeing the parties to remarry.

In societies in which religious authority is strong and the religion holds that marriage is indissoluble (e.g., Roman Catholicism, Hinduism), divorce may be difficult and rare. In the U.S. at the beginning of the 21st century there was about one divorce for every two marriages. The rate of divorce in the U.S. is greater than it is in most other Western countries, though divorce rates climbed in those countries in the last decades of the 20th century. The most common grounds for divorce are absence from the marital home, drug or alcohol addiction, adultery, cruelty, conviction of a crime, desertion, insanity, and nonsupport. See also annulment.

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      the act by which a valid marriage (marriage law) is dissolved, usually freeing the parties to remarry. In regions in which ancient religious authority still predominates, divorce may be difficult and rare, especially when, as among Roman Catholics and Hindus, the religious tradition views marriage as indissoluble. (For Jewish tradition of divorce, see geṭ (get).) Custom, however, may make divorce a simple matter in some societies. Among some Pueblo Indian (Pueblo Indians) tribes a woman could divorce her husband by leaving his moccasins on the doorstep. The principles of individual determination and mutual consent are making divorce increasingly acceptable in the industrialized parts of the world.

      Among premodern societies, the rate of marital stability is difficult to measure because of the varying definitions of marriage and divorce. It seems to be broadly true that wherever divorce is a legal impossibility the wedding is a well-defined event conducted with considerable formality. The contrary principle does not hold true: elaborate marriage ceremonial is quite compatible with high divorce rates. Many anthropologists agree that divorce is generally more permissible in matrilineal societies than in patrilineal ones, in which the procreative and sexual rights of the bride are often symbolically transferred to the husband with the payment of bride-price. See also family.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • DIVORCE — Le divorce est la rupture, consacrée par le droit, de l’union conjugale. Ce caractère le distingue nettement de la séparation de corps qui ne rompt pas le lien matrimonial, mais fait seulement disparaître l’obligation de cohabitation, et de la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • DIVORCE — (Heb. גֵּרוּשִׁין), the formal dissolution of the marriage bond. IN THE BIBLE Divorce was accepted as an established custom in ancient Israel (cf. Lev. 21:7, 14; 22:13; Num. 30:10; Deut. 22:19, 29). In keeping with the other cultures of the Near… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • divorce — di·vorce 1 n [Middle French, from Latin divortium, from divortere divertere to leave one s marriage partner, from di away, apart + vertere to turn]: the dissolution of a valid marriage granted esp. on specified statutory grounds (as adultery)… …   Law dictionary

  • divorce — DIVORCE. s. m. Rupture de mariage. Le divorce estoit en usage parmy les Romains. le divorce n est point permis dans le Christianisme. Il se prend parmy nous pour la separation de corps & de biens entre les gens mariez. Ce mari & cette femme ont… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Divorce — Di*vorce , n. [F. divorce, L. divortium, fr. divortere, divertere, to turn different ways, to separate. See {Divert}.] 1. (Law) (a) A legal dissolution of the marriage contract by a court or other body having competent authority. This is properly …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • divorce — DIVORCE. subs. masc. Séparation de deux époux par la rupture légale du mariage. Le divorce étoit en usage parmi les Juifs et les Romains. Le divorce n est point permis dans le Christianisme, suivant la doctrine catholique. [b]f♛/b] Il se prend… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Divorce — Di*vorce , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Divorced}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Divorcing}.] [Cf. F. divorcer. See {Divorce}, n.] 1. To dissolve the marriage contract of, either wholly or partially; to separate by divorce. [1913 Webster] 2. To separate or disunite;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • divorcé — divorcé, ée (di vor sé, sée) part. passé. Qui a fait divorce. Femme divorcée.    Substantivement. Un divorcé. Les divorcés …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • divorce — [də vôrs′] n. [ME & OFr < L divortium < divortere, var. of divertere, to turn different ways: see DIVERSE] 1. legal and formal dissolution of a marriage 2. any complete separation or disunion vt. divorced, divorcing 1. to dissolve legally a …   English World dictionary

  • Divorce Me C.O.D. — Divorce Me C.O.D. is a 1946 song by Merle Travis. The song was Merle Travis first release to make it to number one on the Folk Juke Box charts where it stayed for fourteen weeks and a total of twenty three weeks on the chart [1]. The B side of… …   Wikipedia

  • divorce — DIVORCE: Si Napoléon n avait pas divorcé, il serait encore sur le trône …   Dictionnaire des idées reçues


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