distribution


distribution
/dis'treuh byooh"sheuhn/, n.
1. an act or instance of distributing.
2. the state or manner of being distributed.
3. arrangement; classification.
4. something that is distributed.
5. the frequency of occurrence or the natural geographic range or place where any item or category of items occurs: What is the distribution of coniferous forests in the world?
6. placement, location, arrangement, or disposition: The distribution of our troops is a military secret.
7. apportionment: The court decided the distribution of the property among the heirs.
8. the delivery or giving out of an item or items to the intended recipients, as mail or newspapers.
9. the total number of an item delivered, sold, or given out: The distribution of our school paper is now 800.
10. the marketing, transporting, merchandising, and selling of any item.
11. (in bridge and other card games) the way in which the suits of a deck of cards are, or one specific suit is, divided or apportioned in one player's hand or among the hands of all the players: My distribution was six spades, four hearts, two clubs, and a singleton diamond.
12. Econ.
a. the division of the aggregate income of any society among its members, or among the factors of production.
b. the system of dispersing goods throughout a community.
13. Statistics. a set of values or measurements of a set of elements, each measurement being associated with an element.
14. Math. a generalized function used esp. in solving differential equations.
[1375-1425; late ME ( < AF) < L distribution- (s. of distributio). See DISTRIBUTE, -ION]

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logic
also called  Distribution Of Terms,  

      in syllogistics, the application of a term of a proposition to the entire class that the term denotes. A term is said to be distributed in a given proposition if that proposition implies all other propositions that differ from it only in having, in place of the original term, any other term whose extension is a part of that of the original term—i.e., if, and only if, the term as it is used in that occurrence covers all the members of the class that it denotes.

      Thus, in a proposition of the form “No S is P,” both the subject and the predicate are distributed. In the form “Some S is P,” neither S nor P is distributed. In “Every S is P,” S is distributed, but P is not. Lastly, in “Some S is not P,” S is not distributed, but P is. Briefly, only universal propositions distribute the subject term (S), and only negative propositions distribute their predicate (P). Naturally, singular terms (including proper names used as singular terms) are always distributed, for they refer only to one object and cannot refer to fewer.

      The importance of distribution lies in its being a principle of formal inference that no term may be distributed in the conclusion unless it was distributed in the premises.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • distribution — [ distribysjɔ̃ ] n. f. • XIVe; lat. distributio ♦ Action de distribuer; son résultat. ⇒ partage, répartition. 1 ♦ Répartition à des personnes. Distribution de vivres, de médicaments. Distribution de prospectus, d objets publicitaires. ⇒ diffusion …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • distribution — dis·tri·bu·tion /ˌdis trə byü shən/ n 1: the act or process of distributing: as a: the apportionment by a court of the property and esp. personal property of an intestate among those entitled to it according to statute compare descent, devise …   Law dictionary

  • distribution — DISTRIBUTION. s. f. L action de distribuer, ou l effet de cette action. Distribution du butin, Faire la distribution des procès. Distribution de deniers. Distribution des prix, Faire un état de distribution. f♛/b] On appelle en termes de Pratique …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • distribution — Distribution. s. f. v. L action de distribuer. Distribution du butin. faire la distribution des procez. distribution de deniers. distribution des prix. faire un estat de distribution. On appelle en termes de pratique, Ordre de distribution, Le… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Distribution — Dis tri*bu tion, n. [L. distributio: cf. F. distribution.] 1. The act of distributing or dispensing; the act of dividing or apportioning among several or many; apportionment; as, the distribution of an estate among heirs or children. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Distribution — Sf Verteilung per. Wortschatz fach. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. distribūtio, zu l. distribuere, zu tribuere zuteilen und l. dis , zu l. tribus Bezirk .    Ebenso nndl. distributie, ne. distribution, nfrz. distribution, nschw.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • distribution — (n.) mid 14c., from O.Fr. distribution (13c.) and directly from L. distributionem (nom. distributio) a division, distribution, noun of action from pp. stem of distribuere deal out in portions, from dis individually + tribuere assign, allot (see… …   Etymology dictionary

  • distribution — Distribution, Assignatio, Distributio. La distribution des proces, Sortitio causarum, B. Faire les distributions des proces, Causas describere in classes atque in singulos inspectores, quod et Conscribere dicitur, B. Distributions qu on donne aux …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • distribution — Payments in a bankruptcy case, generally made after confirmation of a plan in a Chapter 11 filing or approval of the trustee s accounting in a Chapter 7 filing. (Bernstein s Dictionary of Bankruptcy Terminology) United Glossary of Bankruptcy… …   Glossary of Bankruptcy

  • distribution — [n1] allocation, dispersion administration, alloting, allotment, apportioning, apportionment, assessment, assigning, circulating, circulation, dealing, delivery, diffusion, dispensation, dispersal, disposal, disposing, dissemination, dissipating …   New thesaurus

  • Distribution — (vom latein. distribuere, distribuiren, vertheilen), jede Art von Vertheilung, Aus und Eintheilung …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon


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