diplodocus


diplodocus
/di plod"euh keuhs/, n., pl. diplodocuses.
a huge herbivorous dinosaur of the genus Diplodocus, from the Late Jurassic Epoch of western North America, growing to a length of about 87 ft. (26.5 m).
[ < NL (1878), equiv. to diplo- DIPLO- + Gk dokós beam, bar, shaft]

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genus of sauropod dinosaur found as fossils in Late Jurassic rocks of North America and related to Apatosaurus.

Diplodocus and its relatives (diplodocids) were some of the longest land animals that ever lived, some approaching 100 ft (30 m). It had a long neck and extremely small brain and skull. Most diplodocids weighed about 30 tons, and some as much as 80 tons. It was formerly thought that Diplodocus may have spent a good deal of time in water, but fossil evidence indicates it moved freely on land, where it apparently fed on soft vegetation. It may be the most commonly displayed dinosaur.

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▪ dinosaur genus
      gigantic dinosaurs found in North America as fossils from the Late Jurassic Period (161 million to 146 million years ago). Diplodocus is perhaps the most commonly displayed dinosaur. It, along with sauropods (sauropod) such as Apatosaurus (formerly Brontosaurus), belong to a related subgroup of dinosaurs called diplodocids, members of which were some of the longest land animals that ever lived.

      The skull of Diplodocus was unusually small and rather light. Elongate like that of a horse, it sat atop a very long neck; the brain was extremely small. The body was comparatively light and was well supported by limb girdles and pillarlike legs. While most of these dinosaurs weighed slightly more than 30 tons, some members of the genus may have weighed as much as 80 tons.

      The tail was very long and probably extremely flexible. It most likely provided an anchoring site for the powerful hind leg muscles. The tail may also have functioned as a defensive weapon that could lash out at predators with great force. At some distance down the tail, certain arched structures beneath the tail vertebrae change in shape from spoonlike to canoelike. This flattening of the arches occurs at approximately the same height as where the base of the tail is located above the ground, which suggests that the tail could have been used as a prop for the hindlimbs. This arrangement may have enabled the animal to rear up on its back legs to feed on high vegetation.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Diplodocus — Skelettabguss von Diplodocus im Berliner Hauptbahnhof. Zeitraum Oberer Jura 155 bis 145 Mio. Jahre Fundorte Nordamerika …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Diplodocus — Diplodocus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • diplodocus — [ diplɔdɔkys ] n. m. • 1890; lat. sc.; de diplo et gr. dokos « poutre », à cause des os doubles de ses vertèbres ♦ Reptile dinosaurien, dont on a trouvé les ossements fossiles dans le jurassique supérieur des montagnes Rocheuses. Le diplodocus… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • diplodocus — DIPLODÓCUS s.m. Dinozaurian erbivor lung de peste 25 m, având capul foarte mic, cu dinţi subţiri şi mici, cu gâtul şi coada foarte lungi. [var. diplodoc s.m. / < fr. diplodocus]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 22.02.2005. Sursa: DN …   Dicționar Român

  • diplodocus — ☆ diplodocus [dip läd′ə kəs, diplō′dəkəs ] n. [ModL < DIPLO + Gr dokos, main supporting beam: coined (1878) by O.C. Marsh (1831 99), U.S. paleontologist] any of a genus (Diplodocus) of huge, plant eating sauropod dinosaurs of the Jurassic and… …   English World dictionary

  • Diplodocus —   [griechisch dokós »Balken«], zu den Saurischiern gestellte Gattung 25 30 m langer, bis 5 m hoher und 10 t schwerer Dinosaurier aus dem oberen Malm des westlichen Nordamerika; Körper mit sehr langem Schwanz, langem Hals, kleinem, lang… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • diplodocus — → diplodoco …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • diplodocus — 1884, coined in Modern Latin in 1878 by U.S. paleontologist Othniel Charles Marsh (1831 1899) from Gk. diploos double (see DIPLOID (Cf. diploid)) + dokos a beam. So called for the peculiar structure of the tail bones …   Etymology dictionary

  • diplodocus — o diplodoco sustantivo masculino 1. Reptil del grupo de los dinosaurios, de gran tamaño, cabeza pequeña, cola y cuello largos: El diplodoco tenía una mandíbula muy blanda …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • diplodocus — m. Zool. Tipo de dinosaurio de hasta 25 m de longitud y cuello muy largo, propio del Jurásico superior en América del Norte …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Diplodocus —   Diplodocus …   Wikipedia Español


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