Dionysius of Halicarnassus


Dionysius of Halicarnassus
died 7? B.C., Greek rhetorician and historian in Rome.

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flourished с 20 BC

Greek historian and teacher of rhetoric.

Born in Halicarnassus, Caria (Asia Minor), Dionysius went to Rome in 30 BC. His history of Rome, from its origins to the First Punic War, is written from a pro-Roman standpoint but carefully researched. It is, with Livy's, the most valuable source for early Roman history. Its 20 books began to appear in 7 BC; the last 10 have been lost.

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▪ Greek historian
Greek  Dionysios  
flourished c. 20 BC, Halicarnassus, Caria, Asia Minor [now in Turkey]

      Greek historian and teacher of rhetoric whose history (historiography) of Rome is, with Livy's, the most valuable source from early Roman history. This work, called Rhōmaïke archaiologia (Roman Antiquities), treats Rome from its origins to the First Punic War. Though clearly written from a pro-Roman standpoint, it was carefully researched.

      Dionysius migrated to Rome in 30 BC, and his history, which sought to justify the Romans to the Greeks, began to appear in 7 BC. Of its 20 books, only the first 11 (to 441 BC) survive in complete form. He is believed to have used this work as a practical demonstration of rhetorical principles. Peri mimēseos (On Imitation; in three books) survives in fragments and seems to have influenced the great Roman educator Quintilian. Dionysius's individual essays on the 4th-century-BC Attic orators Lysias, Isocrates, Isaeus, and Demosthenes begin with a praise of Roman writers for turning away from Hellenistic Greek models (Asianism) toward Classical authors (Atticism). He discussed the eminent historian Thucydides in an important essay and in a letter to his friend Ammaeus. His essay "Peri syntheseos onomaton" ( "On the Arrangement of Words" ; often cited by its Latin title, "De compositione verborum" ) is the only extant ancient discussion of word order. Dionysius was a mediocre historian but a first-rate literary critic who examined authors' style and historical context.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dionysius of Halicarnassus — (Greek: Διονύσιος Ἀλεξάνδρου Ἁλικαρνᾱσσεύς, Dionysios son of Aléxandros, of Halikarnassós, c. 60 BC–after 7 BC) was a Greek historian and teacher of rhetoric, who flourished during the reign of Caesar Augustus. His literary style was Attistic… …   Wikipedia

  • Dionysius of Halicarnassus — fl. 1st cent. B.C.; Gr. critic & historian in Rome …   English World dictionary

  • Dionysius of Halicarnassus — biographical name flourished circa 20 B.C. Greek scholar …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • DIONYSIUS OF HALICARNASSUS —    The Roman historian active in Rome between 30 and 8 BC who supported a local origin of the Etruscans (sometimes defined as autochthonous) …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

  • DIONYSIUS OF HALICARNASSUS —    a Greek historian and rhetorician of the age of Augustus; came to Italy in 29 B.C., and spent 27 years in Rome, where he died; devoted himself to the study of the Roman republic, its history and its people, and recorded the result in his… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Dionysius of Halicarnassus — Diony′sius of Halicarnas′sus n. big died 7? b.c., Greek rhetorician and historian in Rome …   From formal English to slang

  • Dionysius of Halicarnassus — /daɪəˌnɪsiəs əv hæləkaˈnæsəs/ (say duyuh.niseeuhs uhv haluhkah nasuhs) noun died 7? BC, Greek rhetorician and historian in Rome …   Australian English dictionary

  • Dionysius of Halicarnassus — died 7? B.C., Greek rhetorician and historian in Rome …   Useful english dictionary

  • Dionysius — The Graeco Roman name Dionysius, deriving from the name of the Thracian god Dionysus, was exceedingly common, and many ancient people, famous and otherwise, bore it. It remains a common name today in the form Dennis (Denys, Denis, Denise). The… …   Wikipedia

  • Dionysius — /duy euh nish ee euhs, nis , nish euhs, nuy see euhs/, n. 1. ( the Elder ) 431? 367 B.C., Greek soldier: tyrant of Syracuse 405 367. 2. Saint, died A.D. 268, pope 259 268. * * * (as used in expressions) Dionysius Lardner Boursiquot Dionysius I… …   Universalium


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