diocese


diocese
/duy"euh sis, -seez', -sees'/, n.
an ecclesiastical district under the jurisdiction of a bishop.
[1300-50; ME diocise, diocese < AF < LL diocesis, var. of LL, L dioecesis, < Gk dioíkesis housekeeping, administration, province, diocese, equiv. to dioike-, var. s. of dioikeîn to keep house, administer, govern (di- DI-3 + oikeîn to dwell, occupy, manage, deriv. of oîkos house) + -sis -SIS]

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▪ administrative unit
      in some Christian churches, a territorial area administered by a bishop. The word originally referred to a governmental area in the Roman Empire, governed by an imperial vicar. The secular diocese was subdivided into provinces, each with its own governor; but, in the ecclesiastical adaptation of the system, the province became the larger territorial unit, administered by a metropolitan bishop and subdivided into dioceses.

      The original unit of ecclesiastical administration was the parish, which in the Eastern Orthodox church still remains the designation of the area administered by the bishop, whereas the diocese is the larger area administered by the patriarch. The use of these terms was still fluid in the West in the 9th century; but, by the 13th century, diocese meant the territory administered by a bishop.

      In the Roman Catholic church (Roman Catholicism) only the pope can divide or merge dioceses or create new ones. All dioceses are divided into parishes, each with its own church; dioceses are also sometimes divided into rural deaneries, which contain several parishes.

      In the Church of England (England, Church of), during the 16th, 19th, and 20th centuries, new dioceses were created by statute by dividing existing ones. Each diocese is subdivided into parishes, which are grouped under rural deaneries and archdeaconries.

      The other Protestant churches have abandoned the term in favour of such terms as district, conference, or even synod.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:
, , , (of a bishop)


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Diocese — • The territory or churches subject to the jurisdiction of a bishop Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Diocese     Diocese     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • DIOCÈSE — Le diocèse est le type de l’Église particulière, portion du peuple de Dieu confiée à un évêque, qui en est le pasteur propre assisté de son presbyterium. Appelé d’abord paroisse (paroikia ), il prit le nom de diocèse (du grec dioikisis ) vers le… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Diocese — Diocèse Un diocèse est le nom d une circonscription territoriale de l Empire romain à partir de Dioclétien. Ce mot a été adopté par les Églises chrétiennes (Église catholique romaine, Église orthodoxe, Église apostolique arménienne, Église copte) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • diocèse — DIOCÈSE. s. m. Certaine étendue de pays sous la Juridiction d un Évêque. Grand Diocèse. Diocèse de Paris. Faire la visite de son Diocèse. Diocèse bien réglé. Il y a tant de Paroisses dans ce Diocèse …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • diocese — DIOCESE. s. m. Certaine estenduë de pays sous la Jurisdiction d un Evesque. Grand Diocese, Diocese de Paris, de Roüen. il a esté renvoyé à son Diocese. faire la visite de son Diocese …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • diocese — early 14c., from O.Fr. diocese (13c., Mod.Fr. diocèse), from L.L. diocesis a governor s jurisdiction, later, a bishop s jurisdiction, from Gk. dioikesis government, administration; province, originally economy, housekeeping, from dioikein control …   Etymology dictionary

  • Diocese — Di o*cese, n.; pl. {Dioceses}. [OE. diocise, OF. diocise, F. dioc[ e]se, L. dioecesis, fr. Gr. ? housekeeping, administration, a province, a diocese, fr. ? to keep house, manage; dia through + ? to manage a household, ? a house. See {Economy}.]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • diocese — ► NOUN (pl. dioceses) ▪ a district under the pastoral care of a bishop in the Christian Church. DERIVATIVES diocesan adjective . ORIGIN Latin dioecesis governor s jurisdiction, diocese , from Greek dioikein keep house, administer …   English terms dictionary

  • diocese — [dī′ə sis, dī′əsēz΄] n. [ME & OFr diocise < L diocesis, district, government (in LL(Ec), diocese) < Gr dioikēsis, administration < dioikein, to keep house < dia , through + oikos, a house: see ECO ] the district under a bishop s… …   English World dictionary

  • Diöcese — Diöcese, griech. deutsch, Haushaltung, nannte man bei der Reichseintheilung Konstantins d. Gr. jeden der 13 Bezirke der Staatsverwaltung, in welche die 4 Präfekturen des röm. Reiches weiter eingetheilt wurden. Jede D. zerfiel wieder in Provinzen …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • diocese — index region Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary


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