dialectic


dialectic
dialectically, adv.
/duy'euh lek"tik/, adj. Also, dialectical.
1. of, pertaining to, or of the nature of logical argumentation.
2. dialectal.
n.
3. the art or practice of logical discussion as employed in investigating the truth of a theory or opinion.
4. logical argumentation.
5. Often, dialectics.
a. logic or any of its branches.
b. any formal system of reasoning or thought.
7. dialectics, (often used with a sing. v.) the arguments or bases of dialectical materialism, including the elevation of matter over mind and a constantly changing reality with a material basis.
8. (in Kantian epistemology) a fallacious metaphysical system arising from the attribution of objective reality to the perceptions by the mind of external objects. Cf. transcendental dialectic.
9. the juxtaposition or interaction of conflicting ideas, forces, etc.
[1350-1400; ME ( < AF) < L dialectica < Gk dialektiké (téchne) argumentative (art), fem. of dialektikós. See DIALECT, -IC]

* * *

logic
also called  dialectics 

      originally a form of logical argumentation but now a philosophical concept of evolution applied to diverse fields including thought, nature, and history.

      Among the classical Greek thinkers, the meanings of dialectic ranged from a technique of refutation in debate, through a method for systematic evaluation of definitions, to the investigation and classification of the relationships between specific and general concepts. From the time of the Stoic philosophers until the end of the European Middle Ages, dialectic was more or less closely identified with the discipline of formal logic. More recently, Immanuel Kant (Kant, Immanuel) denoted by “transcendental dialectic” the endeavour of exposing the illusion involved in attempting to use the categories and principles of the understanding beyond the bounds of phenomena and possible experience. G.W.F. Hegel identified dialectic as the tendency of a notion to pass over into its own negation as the result of conflict between its inherent contradictory aspects. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels adopted Hegel's definition and applied it to social and economic processes. See also dialectical materialism.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dialectic — • Greek dialektike (techne or methodos), the dialectic art or method, from dialegomai I converse, discuss, dispute; as noun also dialectics; as adjective, dialectical Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Dialectic     Dialectic …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • dialectic — DIALÉCTIC, Ă, dialectici, ce, s.f., adj. 1. s.f. Teorie generală a principiilor devenirii realităţii, a dezvoltării naturii, societăţii şi gândirii; teorie şi metodă generală de cunoaştere a realităţii şi de transformare revoluţionară a acesteia …   Dicționar Român

  • Dialectic — Di a*lec tic, n. Same as {Dialectics}. [1913 Webster] Plato placed his dialectic above all sciences. Liddell & Scott …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • dialectic — UK US /ˌdaɪəˈlektɪk/ adjective [before noun] ► MANAGEMENT, MEETINGS using questions and answers as a method of examining something or of finding a solution to a problem: »Conflict and disagreement are a necessary part of a dialectic approach …   Financial and business terms

  • dialectic — [adj] logical, rational analytic, argumentative, controversial, dialectical, persuasive, polemical, rationalistic; concept 529 Ant. illogical, irrational dialectic [n] logic, reasoning argumentation, contention, debate, deduction, discussion,… …   New thesaurus

  • dialectic — Philosophy ► NOUN (also dialectics) (usu. treated as sing. ) 1) the investigation of the truth of opinions, especially by logical discussion. 2) enquiry into metaphysical contradictions and their solutions. 3) the existence or action of opposing… …   English terms dictionary

  • dialectic — [dī΄ə lek′tik] n. [ME dialetik < OFr dialetique < L dialectica (ars) < Gr dialektikē (technē), the dialectic (art) < dialektikos: see DIALECT] 1. [often pl.] the art or practice of examining opinions or ideas logically, often by the… …   English World dictionary

  • Dialectic — Di a*lec tic, Dialectical Di a*lec tic*al, a. [L. dialecticus, Gr. ?: cf. F. dialectique. See {Dialect}.] 1. Pertaining to dialectics; logical; argumental. [1913 Webster] 2. Pertaining to a dialect or to dialects. Earle. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • dialectic — I noun applied logic, apprehension, argumentation, brainwork, cerebration, chain of reasoning, cogitation, concluding, consideration, contemplation, deducing, deduction, deliberation, deriving, discursive reasoning, drawing conclusions, force of… …   Law dictionary

  • dialectic — dialectic, dialectical materialism See Engels , FRIEDRICH; Gurvitch, Georges; Hegel , G. W. F.; historical materialism ; Marx , Karl; materialism …   Dictionary of sociology

  • dialectic — (n.) 1580s, earlier dialatik (late 14c.), from O.Fr. dialectique (12c.), from L. dialectica, from Gk. dialektike (techne) (art of) philosophical discussion or discourse, fem. of dialektikos of conversation, discourse, from dialektos discourse,… …   Etymology dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.