diabetes


diabetes
/duy'euh bee"tis, -teez/, n. Pathol.
1. any of several disorders characterized by increased urine production.
2. Also called diabetes mellitus /mel"i teuhs, meuh luy"-/. a disorder of carbohydrate metabolism, usually occurring in genetically predisposed individuals, characterized by inadequate production or utilization of insulin and resulting in excessive amounts of glucose in the blood and urine, excessive thirst, weight loss, and in some cases progressive destruction of small blood vessels leading to such complications as infections and gangrene of the limbs or blindness.
3. Also called Type I diabetes, insulin-dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes. a severe form of diabetes mellitus in which insulin production by the beta cells of the pancreas is impaired, usually resulting in dependence on externally administered insulin, the onset of the disease typically occurring before the age of 25.
4. Also called Type II diabetes, non-insulin-dependent diabetes, adult-onset diabetes, maturity-onset diabetes. a mild, sometimes asymptomatic form of diabetes mellitus characterized by diminished tissue sensitivity to insulin and sometimes by impaired beta cell function, exacerbated by obesity and often treatable by diet and exercise.
5. Also called diabetes insipidus /in sip"i deuhs/. increased urine production caused by inadequate secretion of vasopressin by the pituary gland.
[1555-65; < NL, L < Gk, equiv. to diabe- (var. s. of diabaínein to go through, pass over, equiv. to dia- DIA- + baínein to pass) + -tes agent suffix]

* * *

      either of two disorders of the endocrine system. For information about the disorder caused by the body's inability to produce or respond to insulin and characterized by abnormal glucose levels in the blood, see diabetes mellitus. For information about the disorder characterized by excessive thirst and dilute urine, caused by lack of the antidiuretic hormone vasopressin, see diabetes insipidus.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Diabetes — Diabetes …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • diabetes — di a*be tes, n. [NL., from Gr. ?, fr. ? to pass or cross over. See {Diabase}.] (Med.) Any of several diseases which is attended with a persistent, excessive discharge of urine; when used without qualification, the term usually refers to {diabetes …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Diabetes — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda En medicina, el término diabetes comprende un grupo de trastornos metabólicos caracterizados por un aumento de la concentración de glucosa en el plasma sanguíneo[1] y puede referirse a:[2] Contenido …   Wikipedia Español

  • diabetes — f. endoc. Enfermedad endocrina que se caracteriza por un exceso de glucosa en la sangre (hiperglucemia) causada por el déficit de insulina. La diabetes puede clasificarse en cuatro tipos según el tipo de trastorno que presente: diabetes mellitus… …   Diccionario médico

  • Diabetes — mellitus (fachsprachlich); Harnruhr; Zucker (umgangssprachlich); Zuckerkrankheit; Zuckerharnruhr * * * Di|a|be|tes 〈m.; ; unz.; Med.〉 mit Erhöhung des Blutzuckers u. starker Wasserausscheidung verbundene Krankheit ● Diabetes insipidus Erkrankung… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • diabetes — (Del lat. diabētes, y este del gr. διαβήτης, de διαβαίνειν, atravesar). 1. f. Med. Enfermedad metabólica caracterizada por eliminación excesiva de orina, adelgazamiento, sed intensa y otros trastornos generales. 2. Med. diabetes mellitus. 3. Mec …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Diabetes — Sm Zuckerkrankheit erw. fach. (18. Jh.) Entlehnung. In der neoklassischen Fachsprache enthalten als neo kl. Diabetes mellitus, dieses aus gr. diabḗtēs Harnruhr und l. mellītus honigsüß . So bezeichnet nach dem typischen Symptom der Krankheit: dem …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Diabetes —   Titre abrégé Diabetes Discipline Endocrinologie Langue Anglais Directeur de publication Peter C. Butler …   Wikipédia en Français

  • diabetes — [dī΄ə bēt′ēz΄, dī΄ə bēt′is] n. [ME diabete < L diabetes, a siphon (in LL, diabetes) < Gr diabētēs < diabainein, to pass through < dia (see DIA )] any of various diseases characterized by an excessive discharge of urine; esp., DIABETES …   English World dictionary

  • diabetes — 1560s, from medical L. diabetes, from late Gk. diabetes excessive discharge of urine (so named by Aretaeus the Cappadocian, physician of Alexandria, 2c.), lit. a passer through, siphon, from diabainein to pass through, from dia through (see DIA… …   Etymology dictionary

  • diabetes — ‘Enfermedad metabólica’. Es voz llana: [diabétes], aunque en algunos países de América se oiga a menudo como esdrújula: ⊕ [diábetes]. Debe evitarse la deformación popular ⊕ diabetis …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.