dharma


dharma
dharmic, adj.
/dahr"meuh, dur"-/, n. Hinduism, Buddhism.
1. essential quality or character, as of the cosmos or one's own nature.
2. conformity to religious law, custom, duty, or one's own quality or character.
3. virtue.
4. religion.
5. law, esp. religious law.
6. the doctrine or teaching of the Buddha. Pali, dhamma /dum"euh/.
[1790-1800; < Skt: custom, duty, akin to dharayati holds, maintains]

* * *

In Hinduism, the religious and moral law governing individual and group conduct.

It is treated in the dharmasutras, the oldest collection of Hindu laws, and in the compilations of law and custom called the dharmashastras. In Buddhism, dharma is the universal truth common to all individuals at all times, and it is regarded as one of the primary sources of Buddhist doctrine and practice. In Jainism, dharma signifies moral virtue as well as the eternal life force.

* * *

▪ religious concept
Sanskrit  Dharma , Pali  Dhamma 

      key concept with multiple meanings in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism.

      In Hinduism dharma is the religious and moral law governing individual conduct and one of the four ends of life, to be followed according to one's class, status, and station in life. It constitutes the subject matter of the dharmasutras, religious manuals that are the earliest source of Hindu law, and in the course of time has been extended into lengthy compilations of law, the dharmashastra.

      In Buddhism, dharma is the doctrine, the universal truth common to all individuals at all times, proclaimed by the Buddha. Dharma, the Buddha, and the sangha (community of believers) make up the triratna, or “three jewels,” to which Buddhists go for refuge. In Buddhist metaphysics the term in the plural (dharmas) is used to describe the interrelated elements that make up the empirical world.

      In Jaina philosophy, dharma, in addition to being commonly understood as moral virtue, also has the meaning—unique to Jainism—of an eternal “substance” ( dravya) the medium that allows beings to move.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dharma — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Dharma (desambiguación). Dharma (en alfabeto devanagari धर्म) es una palabra sánscrita que significa ‘ley natural’ o ‘realidad’. Se utiliza en casi todas las doctrinas y… …   Wikipedia Español

  • DHARMA — Le mot sanskrit dharma désigne la «disposition» normale de toutes choses (de la racine Dh face= EU Domacr 句 , soutenir), ou l’Ordre, la Norme. La forme la plus ancienne du mot, la forme védique, est dharmán , la forme classique dharma , en moyen… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • dharma —    Dharma is a complex and multifaceted term in Hindu tradition. It can be translated as “religious law,” “right conduct,” “duty,” and “social order.” Its root, dhri, means “to hold up.”    The social concept of dharma emerges from the VEDIC… …   Encyclopedia of Hinduism

  • Dharma — es una palabra sánscrita que significa las cosas como son . El Dharma se dividió para su mejor comprenión en las llamadas Tres Cestas. ● Sutras (enseñanzas del Buda mismo); ● Vinayas (reglas monásticas proporcionadas por Buda); y ● Abhidharma… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Dharma — prop. n. (Hinduism) the basic principles of the cosmos; also: an ancient sage in Hindu mythology worshipped as a god by some lower castes;. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Dharma — (Relgesch.), so v.w. Darma …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • dharma — 1796, in secular sense, caste custom, right behavior; in Buddhism and Hinduism, moral law, from Skt., law, right, justice, related to dharayati holds, and cognate with L. firmus, all from PIE root *dher (2) to hold firmly, support (see FIRM (Cf.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • dharma — dhàrma (izg. dàrma) ž DEFINICIJA fil. rel. ključni koncept nekih religija 1. u hinduizmu vjerski i moralni zakon o ponašanju pojedinca i jedna od četiri svrhe življenja, treba ga slijediti u skladu s kastom, statusom i mjestom u životu 2. u… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • dharma — ► NOUN ▪ (in Indian religion) the eternal law of the cosmos. ORIGIN Sanskrit, decree or custom …   English terms dictionary

  • dharma — [där′mə, dʉr′mə] n. [Sans, law, custom < IE base * dher , to hold, support > L firmus, OHG tarnen, to conceal] Hinduism Buddhism 1. cosmic order or law, including the natural and moral principles that apply to all beings and things 2.… …   English World dictionary

  • Dharma — Rad des Dharma (Museum Guimet, Paris) Dharma ist ein zentraler Begriff sowohl im Hinduismus als auch im Buddhismus, der religionsabhängig unterschiedliche Bedeutungen hat. Dharma (Sanskrit, m., धर्म, dharma; Pali: Dhamma) beinhaltet Gesetz, Recht …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.