decal

decal
/dee"kal, di kal"/, n., v., decaled or decalled, decaling or decalling.
n.
1. a specially prepared paper bearing a picture or design for transfer to wood, metal, glass, etc.
2. the picture or design itself.
v.t.
3. to apply decals on.
[1950-55; shortened form of DECALCOMANIA]

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art
also called  Decalcomania,  

      design that is printed on specially prepared paper to form a film that can be transferred to any surface. Such films are widely used for decorating and labeling any objects that cannot be run through a press.

      Decals are made in a variety of ways, depending upon the need to be served. The regular decal, applied to such items as typewriters and trucks, for example, begins with a sheet of porous paper coated with a solution of starch, albumin, and glycerin. The design that will be seen is printed on this paper backing. The printed paper is then covered with several coats of opaque white ink that will not be seen after application. The decal is finished with a coat of water-soluble glue called stickative. When the decal is moistened and applied to the object to which it adheres, the moistened backing paper is removed, and the design becomes permanently affixed.

      Decals intended to be applied to windows are printed in reverse order. The layers of opaque white ink are printed first and the design is printed last in order to be seen when in contact with the glass. Decals for china and kitchen ranges are printed with mineral colours and are fired to resist heat.

      The term decalcomania had a specific application in mid-20th-century art. Paper was covered with gouache, an opaque watercolour paint. It was then pressed against canvas or another piece of paper and then removed, yielding exotic designs reminiscent of fungi or colonies of sponge. The Surrealist Max Ernst (Ernst, Max) used this technique in his paintings.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • decal — by 1909, shortening of decalcomania, from Fr. décalcomanie, from décalquer (18c.) transferring of a tracing from specially prepared paper to glass, porcelain, etc. (in vogue in France 1840s, England 1862 64), from de off + calquer to press, from… …   Etymology dictionary

  • decal — [dē′kal, di kal′] n. [< DECAL(COMANIA)] a decorative picture or design printed on specially prepared paper for transferring to glass, wood, etc …   English World dictionary

  • decal — [n] sticker advertisement, decalcomania, decorative picture, emblem, symbol, token; concepts 259,284,625 …   New thesaurus

  • Decal — For other uses, see Decal (disambiguation). A decal (  /ˈdiː …   Wikipedia

  • Decal — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt bedarf einer Überarbeitung. Näheres ist auf der Diskussionsseite angegeben. Hilf mit, ihn zu verbessern, und entferne anschließend diese Markierung. Ein Abziehbild ist ein mehrschichtig übereinander gedrucktes Bild… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • decal — UK [dɪˈkæl] / UK [ˈdiːkæl] / US [ˈdɪˌkæl] / US [dɪˈkæl] noun [countable] Word forms decal : singular decal plural decals mainly American a transfer for putting a picture onto a surface …   English dictionary

  • decal — noun Etymology: short for decalcomania Date: 1937 a picture, design, or label made to be transferred (as to glass) from specially prepared paper …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • decal — noun /ˈdekəl,/ˈdiː.kæl,ˈdiːkæl,dɪˈkæl/ a) A design or picture produced in order to be transferred to another surface either permanently or temporarily. b) A decorative sticker …   Wiktionary

  • Decal — см. Decalcomania …   Краткий толковый словарь по полиграфии

  • decal — Synonyms and related words: adherent, adhesive, barnacle, bramble, brier, bulldog, burr, cameography, cement, decalcomania, glass printing, glue, gunk, leech, limpet, molasses, monotype, mucilage, paste, plaster, prickle, remora, serigraphy,… …   Moby Thesaurus


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