Dartmoor


Dartmoor
/dahrt"moor, -mawr, -mohr/, n.
1. a rocky plateau in SW England, in Devonshire. ab. 20 mi. (30 km) long.
2. a prison on this plateau.
3. one of an English breed of sheep having coarse, long wool.
4. one of an English breed of pony originating in Devon, noted for sure-footedness and longevity.

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pony
      breed of pony about 12 hands (48 inches, or 122 cm) tall, hardy, and semiwild in its native Dartmoor, Devon, Eng. It is one of nine horse breeds native to the British Isles, and it is exported.

      The Dartmoor pony is considered to be a superior riding pony for children and an excellent foundation stock for the breeding of larger ponies as well. Dartmoors varied widely in size and coloration from early days; with the foundation of the Dartmoor Pony Society, the horse became subject to a set of standards, and the preferred colours are brown, black, and bay.

      The name is also given to a breed of long-wooled, hornless English sheep.

 wild upland area in the west of the county of Devon, southwestern England. It extends for about 23 miles (37 km) north-south and 20 miles (32 km) east-west. The moorland is bleak and desolate, and heather is the chief vegetation. Isolated weathered rocks (tors (tor)) rise from the granite plateau; the highest are Yes Tor (2,030 feet [619 m]) and High Willhays (2,038 feet).

 Dartmoor was a royal forest in Saxon times; since 1337 the central area has belonged to the royal duchy of Cornwall. In 1951 Dartmoor and its wooded fringes were designated a national park, covering 365 square miles (945 square km). Eight rivers, including the Dart, the Teign, and the Avon, rise on the wet uplands, and much of their water is impounded to supply the towns of Devon. Grazing in the area supports wild ponies, sheep, and cattle; quarrying (granite and china clay) and tourism are other important activities. There are few settlements; the largest is Princetown, founded in 1806 to serve adjoining Dartmoor Prison, which was built to hold French captives from the Napoleonic Wars. Since 1850 it has been England's chief confinement centre for serious offenders.

      Dartmoor's wild picturesqueness has made it a popular setting for English mystery fiction, notably Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's The Hound of the Baskervilles.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dartmoor — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Dartmoor Categoría IUCN II (Parque nacional) …   Wikipedia Español

  • dartmoor — ● dartmoor nom masculin et adjectif (de Dartmoor, nom propre) Race de poneys de petite taille, très résistante, renommée en France …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Dartmoor — Dartmoor, 1) eine von Hügeln durchzogene Marschgegend in der englischen Grafschaft Devonshire; Schafweiden, Zinnminen; bildet einen Theil des Herzogthums Cornwall u. gehört als solcher dem Prinzen von Wales; 2) Berg darin, 1450 F …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Dartmoor — (spr. dártmūr), eine granitische Insellandschaft in der engl. Grafschaft Devon, nordöstlich von Plymouth, 500 qkm groß, war ehemals stark bewaldet, ist jetzt aber von Moor und Heideflächen bedeckt, aus denen Granitblöcke (Tors) hervorragen.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Dartmoor — (spr. muhr), granitische Tafellandschaft im SW. der engl. Grafsch. Devon 526 qkm, im High Wilhays 621 m hoch; unfruchtbar, metallreich …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Dartmoor —   [ dɑːtmʊə], stark abgetragenes Granitmassiv in Südwestengland, von einzelnen Kuppen (bis 622 m über dem Meeresspiegel) überragt; seit 1951 Nationalpark (931 km2). Das Gebiet, früher bewaldet, ist heute von Mooren und Bergheiden bedeckt;… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Dartmoor — [därt′moor, därt′môr] a prison in Devon, SW England …   English World dictionary

  • Dartmoor — For the pony, see Dartmoor Pony; for the prison, see Dartmoor (HM Prison); for the Victorian hamlet in Australia, see Dartmoor, Victoria Coordinates: 50°34′N 4°0′W / 50.567° …   Wikipedia

  • Dartmoor — Bell Tor und Bonehill Menhir im Merrivale Gebiet …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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