/dahr"sheuhn/; Seph. Heb. /dahrdd shahn"/; Ashk. Heb. /dahrdd"sheuhn/, n., pl. darshanim Seph. Heb. /dahrdd'shah neem"/; Ashk. Heb. /dahrdd shaw"nim/, darshans. Judaism.
a preacher or teacher of Aggadah or Halakhah in a synagogue.
[1915-20; < Heb darshan, akin to darash interpret, expound]

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or darsan

In Hindu worship, the beholding of an auspicious deity, person, or object.

The experience is often conceived to be reciprocal and results in a blessing of the viewer. In rathayatras (car festivals), images are carried through the streets to allow viewing by those who formerly would not have been allowed in the temple. Darshan may also be imparted by a guru to his disciples, a ruler to his subjects, or a pilgrimage shrine to its visitors. In Indian philosophy, darshan also refers to a philosophical system (e.g., Vedanta).

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Sanskrit“auspicious viewing”, also spelled  darshana 
 in Hindu (Hinduism) worship, the beholding of a deity (especially in image form), revered person, or sacred object. The experience is often conceived to be reciprocal and results in the human viewer's receiving a blessing. The Rathayatras (Rathayatra) (chariot festivals), in which images of gods are taken in procession through the streets, enable even those who in former days were not allowed to enter the temple to have darshan of the deity. Darshan is also imparted by gurus (personal spiritual teachers) to their followers, by rulers to their subjects, and by objects of veneration such as pilgrimage shrines to their visitors.

      In Indian philosophy the term designates the distinctive way in which each philosophical system looks at things, including its exposition of sacred scriptures and authoritative knowledge. The orthodox account is that there are six such darshans: shankhya, Yoga, Nyaya (Nyāya) Vaishesika, Mimamsa, and Vedanta (Vedānta). Other darshans are also considered important, especially those of Buddhism and Jainism.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • DARSHAN — (Heb. דַּרְשָׁן), a professional or qualified expounder of Scripture. Originally a darshan expounded both halakhically and aggadically on all Scripture. ben zoma , called the last of the darshanim (Sot. 9:15), is mentioned in one passage as a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Darshan — oder Darshana (Sanskrit, n., दर्शन, darśana, für Betrachtung, Beobachtung, Zusammentreffen, Philosophie; von drish sehen) ist ein Begriff aus dem Hinduismus für die Sicht und Vision des Heiligen und Göttlichen. Unter Darshana wird z. B. das… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • darshan —    Darshan is from the Sanskrit root drish, “to see.” It refers to a most important element of Hindu ism the eye to eye contact between an iconic divinity (see ICONS) or a divine personage (e.g., AMRITANANDAMAYI MA, SAT YA SAI BABA) and the… …   Encyclopedia of Hinduism

  • darshan — [där′shən, dʉr′shən] n. [Hindi darśan < Sans dars̍ana, a seeing, akin to dŕs̍, sight < IE base * derk̑ , to see > Gr derkomai, I see, OE torht, bright] the virtue, uplift, blessing, etc. which, many Hindus believe, one gets in the… …   English World dictionary

  • Darshan —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Le Darshan.  Mata Amritanandamayi se préparant à donner le Darshan Le darshan ou darshana (du sanscrit दर्शन …   Wikipédia en Français

  • darshan — I. /ˈdaʃən/ (say dahshuhn) noun (plural darshanim or darshans) (in Judaism) a teacher of the Aggadah (parables and stories) or Halakhah (tradition and oral law) in the synagogue. {Hebrew darshān, related to dārash to interpret, expound} II.… …   Australian-English dictionary

  • darshan — ● darshana ou darshan nom masculin (sanskrit darśana) Dans la religion hindoue, vision par le fidèle d une divinité, d une personne ou d un objet auspicieux (représentation divine, idole, gourou, etc.) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • darshan — noun a) An audience with a spiritual leader, either private or in a group. b) hierophany, theophany; to behold or be in the presence of the Divine …   Wiktionary

  • darshan — [ dα:ʃ(ə)n] noun Hinduism an occasion of seeing a holy person or the image of a deity. Origin via Hindi from Sanskrit darśana sight or seeing …   English new terms dictionary

  • darshan — dar·shan …   English syllables

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