Darlington


Darlington
/dahr"ling teuhn/, n.
a city in S Durham, in NE England. 97,800.

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      city, seat of Darlington county, northeastern South Carolina, U.S. Settled in the 1780s, the city and the county (formed 1785) were both named for Darlington, England. Its basic agricultural economy (tobacco, cotton, livestock, soybeans, and timber) is supplemented by manufacturing (building materials, electronics, paper products, and steel). The city has a large automobile auction market and is the home of Darlington Raceway (opened 1950), noted for stock-car racing events including the TranSouth Financial 400 in March and the Mountain Dew Southern 500 in September, on Labor Day. A stock-car museum was opened in 1965. Inc. town, 1835; city, 1950. Pop. (1990) 7,311; (2000) 6,720.

      county, northeastern South Carolina, U.S. It lies for the most part on the rolling hills of the Coastal Plain, bounded to the northeast by the Great Pee Dee River (Pee Dee River) and on parts of the southwestern border by the Lynches River.

      Baptists (Baptist) from Delaware came to the region in the 1730s and settled in the Welsh Tract settlement granted by King George II of England. Darlington county was established in 1785 and named for Darlington, England. In 1894 when the governor of South Carolina ordered the search, without warrants, of private homes for concealed liquor, the “Darlington War” between residents and the state militia and constables resulted.

      Kalmia Gardens, the Coker College arboretum, contains a virtually complete cross section of South Carolina terrain, along with hundreds of varieties of flora native to the Atlantic seaboard. H.B. Robinson Unit 2, the state's oldest operating nuclear power plant, is located near Hartsville. Darlington is the county seat, and Hartsville, the site of Coker College (founded 1908), is the largest town.

      Tobacco is the principal crop of this fertile farming region, and soybeans, wheat, eggs, and dairy products also are important; textile, paper, chemical, and electronic products are leading manufactures. Area 562 square miles (1,456 square km). Pop. (2000) 67,394; (2007 est.) 66,833.

▪ town and unitary authority, England, United Kingdom
      town and unitary authority, geographic and historic county of Durham, northeastern England, bounded on the south by the River Tees. The main population centre, old Darlington town, lies on the River Skerne near its confluence with the Tees. The town is Anglo-Saxon in origin, and its parish church of St. Cuthbert dates from the 12th century. In the 19th century textile industries were overshadowed by locomotive manufacture and railway repair work. The Stockton and Darlington Railway (Stockton & Darlington Railway), the world's first passenger line, opened in 1825, and “Locomotive No. 1,” the first engine to run on a public railway, is on exhibition in Bank Top station. Darlington remains a centre of heavy and construction engineering, but telecommunications and service activities are increasingly important. Area unitary authority 77 square miles (198 square km). Pop. (2001) town, 86,082; (2005 est.) unitary authority, 99,200.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Darlington — Darlington, IN U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 854 Housing Units (2000): 359 Land area (2000): 0.315488 sq. miles (0.817111 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.315488 sq. miles (0.817111 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Darlington — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El término Darlington puede estar referido a: Un lugar geográfico: Darlington (Inglaterra), una ciudad inglesa. Un nombre propio: Sidney Darlington Cyril Darlington Un equipo: Darlington Football Club un equipo de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Darlington FC — Darlington Football Club Darlington FC Club …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Darlington, IN — U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 854 Housing Units (2000): 359 Land area (2000): 0.315488 sq. miles (0.817111 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.315488 sq. miles (0.817111 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Darlington, MO — U.S. village in Missouri Population (2000): 113 Housing Units (2000): 55 Land area (2000): 0.409868 sq. miles (1.061552 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.409868 sq. miles (1.061552 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Darlington, PA — U.S. borough in Pennsylvania Population (2000): 299 Housing Units (2000): 130 Land area (2000): 0.092924 sq. miles (0.240671 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.092924 sq. miles (0.240671 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Darlington, SC — U.S. city in South Carolina Population (2000): 6720 Housing Units (2000): 3140 Land area (2000): 4.291596 sq. miles (11.115183 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.291596 sq. miles (11.115183 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Darlington, WI — U.S. city in Wisconsin Population (2000): 2418 Housing Units (2000): 1052 Land area (2000): 1.305086 sq. miles (3.380158 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.305086 sq. miles (3.380158 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Darlington — (spr. Darlingt n), 1) Stadt in der englischen Grafschaft Durham, an der Eisenbahn von York nach Newcastle, die sich hier auch nach Stockton abzweigt; schöne Kirchen (darunter St. Cuthbert s Church, im 11. Jahrh. gebaut) u. Bethäuser für… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Darlington [1] — Darlington, Stadt (municipal borough) im S. der engl. Grafschaft Durham, am Skerne, in fruchtbarer Gegend, mit einer im 12. Jahrh. erbauten, 1865 restaurierten Kirche (St. Cuthbert), einer Lateinschule, einem Lehrerinnenseminar, hat Werkstätten… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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