Dan


Dan
/dan/, n.
1. a son of Jacob and Bilhah. Gen. 30:6.
2. one of the 12 tribes of Israel, traditionally descended from him.
3. the northernmost city of ancient Palestine.
4. from Dan to Beersheba, from one outermost extreme or limit to the other. Judges 20:1.
5. a male given name, form of Daniel.
/dan/, n. Archaic.
a title of honor equivalent to master or sir: Dan Chaucer.
[1275-1325; ME < OF danz < ML domnus, contr. of L dominus lord, master]

* * *

▪ African people
also called  Gio  or  Yakuba 

      an ethnolinguistic grouping of people inhabiting the mountainous west-central Côte d'Ivoire and adjacent areas of Liberia. The Dan belong to the Southern branch of the Mande linguistic subgroup of the Niger-Congo language family. They originated somewhere to the west or northwest of their present lands, perhaps among the Malinke (Mandingo). The Dan are closely related to the Gere (also spelled Ngere, or Guere) to the south.

      The roughly 1,500–4,000-foot- (450–1,200-metre-) high Dang (Dans) and Toura mountains are hot and humid and covered with lush vegetation. The area is isolated, and even the most general lines of history are unknown. The Dan and their neighbours are said to have a history of warfare, but it has been debated whether they actually fought the battles attributed to them or whether these are part of oral tradition and a cultural model. The isolation of the area probably served to accentuate myths of bellicose, “primitive” mountain people best avoided because dangerous. Christian proselytism proved difficult as well, as the Dan have preferred to maintain their own religious beliefs.

      The Dan traditionally divided themselves into alliance groups associated with clans but of only occasional centralized political organization (i.e., in time of war). Neighbourhoods in larger villages (created as the government seeks more efficient administration) or towns in Côte d'Ivoire like Man and Danané reflect these older affiliations. Kinship is bilateral, involving important bonds to fathers' and mothers' patrilineages. Most marriages are monogamous.

      Dan are known for the small, dark hardwood masks they make. Dan masks also are made by other local groups, and are used in important rituals. Large wooden “spoons,” representing first wives of important men, and murals painted on exterior house walls are other art forms.

▪ Hebrew tribe
      one of the 12 tribes of Israel that in biblical times comprised the people of Israel who later became the Jewish people. The tribe was named after the first of two sons born to Jacob (also called Israel) and Bilhah, the maidservant of Jacob's second wife, Rachel. Nine of the other 11 tribes were also named after sons of Jacob, while two bear the names of Jacob's grandsons, children of Joseph.

      After the death of Moses, the Israelites were led into the Promised Land by Joshua, who divided the territory among the 12 tribes. The portion assigned to the tribe of Dan was a region west of Jerusalem. At least part of the tribe later moved to the extreme northeast and took the city of Laish, renaming it Dan. As the northernmost Israelite city it became a point of reference in the familiar phrase “from Dan to Beersheba.”

      The great hero of the Danites was Samson, who, until his betrayal by Delilah, used his mighty strength against the Philistine invaders. Dan was one of the 10 northern tribes that disappeared from history after the Assyrian conquest of the kingdom of Israel in 721 BC. They are known in Jewish legends as the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • dan — dan …   Woordenlijst Sranan

  • Dan Vs. — Dan Vs. Genre Black Comedy Format Animated series Created by Dan Mandel Chris Pearson Written by Dan Mandel Chris Pearson Kirill Baru Tom Saunders Eric Zimmerman …   Wikipedia

  • Dan — steht für: Buch Daniel, ein Buch der Bibel Daniel (Vorname), Abkürzung für den Namen Dan (Sprache), Westafrika Dan (Volk), Westafrika Dan (Kampfsport), die höheren Grade („Schwarzer Gürtel“) in vielen asiatischen Kampfkünsten analog der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • DAN — DA Nom d’une des douze tribus israélites, qui occupa d’abord la région située à l’ouest de Jérusalem, autour de Beth Shemesh (Jug., XIII à XVI), puis s’installa au nord de la Palestine, près des sources du Jourdain, autour de l’ancienne ville… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • DAN — (Heb. דָּן), the fifth son of Jacob and the firstborn of bilhah , Rachel s maid (Gen. 30:1–6). The Name The narrative attributes the origin of the name Dan to Rachel, who said: God has vindicated me (dananni); indeed, He has heeded my plea and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Dan — is a name. It refers sometimes to the short form of the name Daniel. Dan, or the acronym DAN may refer to the following: Persons Fyodor Dan, a Russian Marxist revolutionary DJ Dan, an electronic music artist who uses the singular name Dan as his… …   Wikipedia

  • DAN — steht für: Dan (Sprache), Westafrika Dan (Volk), Westafrika Dan (Kampfsport), die höheren Grade („Schwarzer Gürtel“) im Judo und Go Danium, ein Zeitintervall in der Erdgeschichte Dan – Mitten im Leben!, eine US amerikanische Filmkomödie aus dem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • DAN — (Heb. דָּן). (1) Biblical city in the Ḥuleh Valley near the sources of the Jordan. It was originally called Laish and was dominated by the Phoenicians of Sidon (Judg. 18:7, 27ff.). Laish is mentioned in the Egyptian Execration Texts of the early… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Dan — • The fifth son of Jacob, being the elder of the two sons born to him by Bala, the handmaid of Rachel, and the eponymous ancestor of the tribe bearing the same name Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Dan     Dan …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Dan-e-o — Background information Birth name Daniel Faraldo Also known as Dan e o …   Wikipedia

  • Dan — 〈n.; s; unz.; Geol.〉 oberste Stufe der oberen Kreide [nach Dänemark] * * * Dan, der; , [jap. dan = Stufe, Grad]: Leistungsgrad in allen Sportarten des Budos. * * * I Dan,   kleiner israelitischer Stamm, be …   Universal-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.