damask


damask
/dam"euhsk/, n.
1. a reversible fabric of linen, silk, cotton, or wool, woven with patterns.
2. napery of this material.
3. Metall.
a. Also called damask steel. See Damascus steel.
b. the pattern or wavy appearance peculiar to the surface of such steel.
4. the pink color of the damask rose.
adj.
5. made of or resembling damask: damask cloth.
6. of the pink color of the damask rose.
v.t.
7. to damascene.
8. to weave or adorn with elaborate design, as damask cloth.
[1200-50; ME damaske < ML damascus, named after DAMASCUS where fabrics were first made]

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      patterned textile, deriving its name from the fine patterned fabrics produced in Damascus (Syria) in the European Middle Ages. True damask was originally wholly of silk, but gradually the name came to be applied to a certain type of patterned fabric regardless of fibre. Single damask has one set each of warps and wefts, or fillings (filling), and may be woven in one or two colours; compound or double damask has a greater number of fillings. Damask is woven on a Jacquard loom, the satin field being produced by floats of warp that pass over from two to seven and in some instances nine fillings. The design is a plain or taffeta weave, the warp and filling being at right angles that create less lustre than the satin areas.

      Crusaders who had passed through Damascus introduced the fabric to Europe in the 11th century, and the weaving of linen damask became established in flax-growing countries—in France, for example, by the mid-13th century. The Flemish city of Courtrai was noted for its table linen in the 15th century, as was Haarlem, Neth., in the 17th and 18th centuries. William III established damask weaving in Ireland in the late 17th century.

      Antique damask was 18 to 25 inches (45 to 63 cm) wide, the distance a shuttle carrying the weft threads could be thrown by hand from selvage to selvage through the raised warps. Widths of 50 inches (127 cm) and more could be produced by mechanized weaving, which was introduced about 1835.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Damask — Dam ask, a. 1. Pertaining to, or originating at, the city of Damascus; resembling the products or manufactures of Damascus. [1913 Webster] 2. Having the color of the damask rose. [1913 Webster] But let concealment, like a worm i the bud, Feed on… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Damask — Dam ask (d[a^]m ask), n. [From the city Damascus, L. Damascus, Gr. Damasko s, Heb. Dammesq, Ar. Daemeshq; cf. Heb. d meseq damask; cf. It. damasco, Sp. damasco, F. damas. Cf. {Damascene}, {Damass[ E]}.] 1. Damask silk; silk woven with an… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Damask — Dàmask (Dimashq ash Sham) m DEFINICIJA glavni grad Sirije, 1.326.000 stan. SINTAGMA poći u Damask doživjeti viziju i obraćenje; prema Sv. Pavlu (do tada Saul) koji je na putu u Damask doživio viziju Isusa i od tvrdog neznabošca postao… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • damask — [dam′əsk] n. [It damasco, after L Damascus (the city)] 1. a durable, lustrous, reversible fabric as of silk or linen, in figured weave, used for table linen, upholstery, etc. 2. a) DAMASCUS STEEL b) the wavy markings of such steel 3. deep pink or …   English World dictionary

  • Damask — Damask, eine der bedeutendsten Städte des alten Syrien, so alt, daß selbige bereits in der Erzählung vom Patriarchen Abraham erwähnt wird. Es war Damaskus also schon damals eine Stadt, und unter der Regierung David s von großer Wichtigkeit.… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Damask — Dam ask, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Damasked}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Damasking}.] To decorate in a way peculiar to Damascus or attributed to Damascus; particularly: (a) with flowers and rich designs, as silk; (b) with inlaid lines of gold, etc., or with a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Damask [1] — Damask (Damascus, arab. Demiekh, Dimeschk), 1) (Cham), Ejalet od. Paschalik in der Asiatischen Türkei, 1260 QM., gehört zu Syrien, umfaßt im Allgemeinen das Gebiet zwischen dem Libanon dem Euphrat, od. den größten Theil von Palästina, u. einen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Damask [2] — Damask (Gesch.). Der Ursprung von D. verliert sich in die mythische Zeit; hierher verlegt eine orientalische Sage Adams Sündenfall u. das Opfer Abels u. Kains; nach der griechischen Sage hatte es Damaskos, der Sohn des Hermes u. der Halimede, der …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Dàmask — (Dimashq ash Sham) m glavni grad Sirije ✧ {{001f}}lat. ← grč. ← arap …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • damask — late 14c., Damaske cloth from DAMASCUS (Cf. Damascus), the Syrian city …   Etymology dictionary

  • damask — ► NOUN ▪ a rich heavy fabric with a pattern woven into it. ► ADJECTIVE literary ▪ pink or light red. ORIGIN from Damascus, where the fabric was first produced …   English terms dictionary


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