Damanhur


Damanhur
/dah'mahn hoohrdd"/, n.
a city in N Egypt, near Alexandria. 175,900.

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Egypt
      city, capital of Al-Buḥayrah (Buḥayrah, Al-) muḥāfaẓah (governorate) in the western Nile River delta, Lower Egypt. Its name is derived from the ancient Egyptian Timinhor (“City of Horus”) and has historically applied to several centres in Egypt, mostly in the delta. The capital of a Ptolemaic nome, Damanhūr was known as Hermopolis Parva in Hellenistic times. It was first made a provincial capital under Faṭīmid rule (Fāṭimid Dynasty) (11th century), and in the Middle Ages it prospered as a caravan town on the post road from Cairo to Alexandria. It was severely damaged in 1302 by an earthquake, but in the late 14th century the Mamlūk caliph Barqūq restored its fortifications to thwart Bedouin incursions.

      Damanhūr is now a major centre of the western delta. It is the hub of a system of narrow-gauge railways transporting the cotton, dates, vegetables, and cereals of the region's agricultural hinterland. The city has date-packing, potato-processing, cotton-ginning, and textile industries. Damanhūr is served by the Cairo-Alexandria main railway and is an important branch railway, road, and canal junction. Pop. (1996) 212,203.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • DAMANHŪR — DAMANHŪR, name of several Egyptian cities in the Middle Ages. One Damanhūr is referred to by Maimonides in his responsa as a major community in Egypt at his time. He together with other dayyanim decreed that anybody could marry or divorce a woman …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Damanhur — es una ciudad del Bajo Egipto, la capital de la gobernación de Beheira. Está localizada 160 kilómetros al noroeste de El Cairo, y 70 kilómetros al este de Alejandría, en medio del delta occidental del Nilo. Gobernaciones de Egipto …   Wikipedia Español

  • Damanhûr — Damanhûr, Hauptort der unterägypt. Provinz (Mudirieh) Beherah, auf einem Hügel in der Nähe des Mahmudiehkanals, Eisenbahnknotenpunkt, wichtiger Stapelplatz für Baumwollenstoffe und Wolle, hat mehrere Fabriken zur Egrenierung der Baumwolle und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Damanhur — Damanhūr, das alte Hermupŏlis minor, Hauptort der unterägypt. Prov. Beherah, im Nildelta und am Mahmudijehkanal, (1897) 27.236 E.; Baumwollhandel …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Damanhur — Damanhur,   Provinzhauptstadt im Nildelta, Ägypten, am Mahmudijakanal, 222 000 Einwohner; Hauptstapelplatz für Baumwolle mit Baumwollentkernungsanlagen, chemische und Textilindustrie; Bahnknotenpunkt.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Damanhûr — [dä΄män ho͞or′] city in N Egypt, in the Nile delta: pop. 191,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Damanhur — This article is about the Egyptian city. For the Italian community, see Federation of Damanhur. Damanhur دمنهور …   Wikipedia

  • Damanhur — 31.04055555555630.47 Koordinaten: 31° 2′ N, 30° 28′ O …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Damanhur — 31° 02′ 26″ N 30° 28′ 12″ E / 31.040600, 30.469935 …   Wikipédia en Français

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