dalmatic


dalmatic
/dal mat"ik/, n.
1. Eccles. a vestment worn over the alb by the deacon, as at the celebration of the Mass, and worn by bishops on some occasions, as at a coronation.
2. a similar vestment worn by a sovereign of England at his or her coronation.
[1400-50; late ME < AF dalmatike < LL Dalmatica (vestis) Dalmatian (garment). See DALMATIA, -IC]

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▪ ecclesiastical garb
 liturgical vestment worn over other vestments by Roman Catholic and some Anglican deacons. It probably originated in Dalmatia in Greece and was a commonly worn outer garment in the Roman world in the 3rd century and later. Gradually, it became the distinctive garment of deacons.

      The dalmatic was a long, full, closed, white gown with an opening for passage of the head and had long, full sleeves. Worn ungirdled, it was made of linen, cotton, wool, or silk. It was decorated with coloured stripes around the cuffs of the sleeves and coloured vertical stripes (clavi) descending front and back from the shoulders.

      From the 9th century it was made of heavy velvet, damask, or brocaded silk and was shortened to the knees, the sides opened for freedom of movement, and the sleeves shortened. By the 12th century it was being made in the liturgical colours; all deacons wore it as the outer vestment, and bishops wore it under the chasuble. In the mid-20th century the original long, white garment without excessive decoration was again being worn.

      A shorter dalmatic, called the tunicle, is worn by subdeacons. Both the dalmatic and tunicle were worn by Roman Catholic bishops under the chasuble, but since 1960 these vestments have not been obligatory for bishops.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dalmatic — • The outer liturgical vestment of the deacon Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Dalmatic     Dalmatic     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • dalmatic — DALMÁTIC, Ă, dalmatici, ce, adj. Care aparţine Dalmaţiei, privitor la această regiune. ♢ Ţărm dalmatic = ţărm format din pătrunderea apelor mării printre culmile paralele cu linia litorală a unor regiuni muntoase; ţărm de canale. – Din fr.… …   Dicționar Român

  • dalmatic — [dal mat′ik] n. [ME dalmatik < OFr dalmatique < LL(Ec) dalmatica (vestis), Dalmatian (garment), after Dalmatia: orig. made of Dalmatian wool] 1. a loose outer garment with short, wide sleeves and open sides, worn by a deacon, or by a… …   English World dictionary

  • Dalmatic — Roman Catholic deacon wearing a dalmatic Ornately embroidered dalmatic (shown from the back with an appareled …   Wikipedia

  • Dalmatic — Dalmatica Dal*mat i*ca, n., Dalmatic Dal*mat ic, n.[LL. dalmatica: cf. F. dalmatique.] 1. (R. C. Ch.) A vestment with wide sleeves, and with two stripes, worn at Mass by deacons, and by bishops at pontifical Mass; imitated from a dress originally …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • dalmatic — noun Etymology: Middle English dalmatyk, from Old English dalmatice, from Late Latin dalmatica, from Latin, feminine of dalmaticus Dalmatian, from Dalmatia Date: before 12th century 1. a wide sleeved overgarment with slit sides worn by a deacon… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • dalmatic — noun A long wide sleeved tunic, which serves as a liturgical vestment in the Roman Catholic and Anglican Churches and is worn by a deacon at the Eucharist or Mass and, although infrequently, by bishops as an undergarment above the alb. See Also:… …   Wiktionary

  • Dalmatic — Vestment of a bishop with distinctive wide sleeves; also worn by monarchs; part of the *regalia of royalty established by the Holy Roman Emperor, using the Church as an authenticating power. [< OldFr. dalmatique = (made of wool) from Dalmatia] …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • Dalmatic —    A robe of silk or other rich material with wide but short sleeves, and richly embroidered, worn by the Deacon or Gospeller at the Holy Eucharist. Not usually worn, although its use is being restored …   American Church Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • dalmátic — adj. m., pl. dalmátici; f. sg. dalmáticã, pl. dalmátice …   Romanian orthography