Converso
Con·ver·so (kən-vĕrʹsō) n. pl. Con·ver·sos
A Spanish or Portuguese Jew who converted outwardly to Christianity in the late Middle Ages so as to avoid persecution or expulsion, though often continuing to practice Judaism in secret.
  [Spanish, a convert, from converso, converted, from Medieval Latin conversus, from Latin, past participle of convertere, to turn around, convert. See convert.]

* * *

▪ Spanish history
      (Spanish: “converted”), one of the Spanish Jews (Jew) who adopted the Christian religion after a severe persecution in the late 14th and early 15th centuries and the expulsion of religious Jews from Spain in the 1490s. In the minds of many Roman Catholic churchmen the conversos were still identified as Jews, partly because they remained within the Jewish communities in the cities and partly because their occupations (merchants, doctors, tailors) had been monopolized by the Spanish Jewish people. Such identification caused many Christians to regard conversos as a subversive force within the church.

      In 1499 a staunch and somewhat fanatical Roman Catholic, Pedro Sarmiento, wrote the anti-Semitic Sentencia-Estatuto, which prohibited conversos from holding public or ecclesiastical offices and from testifying against Spanish Christians in courts of law. That statute was followed by the 16th-century laws of purity of blood (limpieza de sangre) which further strengthened the laws against anyone of Jewish ancestry and were more racial than religious in nature. It was not until the late 19th and early 20th centuries that some of the legalized prejudice against Jews in Spain was modified.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • converso (1) — {{hw}}{{converso (1)}{{/hw}}part. pass.  di convergere ; anche agg. (raro) Volto. converso (2) {{hw}}{{converso (2)}{{/hw}}A part. pass.  di convertire ; anche agg. Convertito. B s. m.  (f. a ) Laico che provvede a lavori manuali in un convento …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • converso — converso, sa adjetivo,sustantivo masculino y femenino 1. Que se ha convertido al cristianismo: un judío converso. Los conversos no siempre eran mirados con simpatía. 2. Pragmática: peyorativo. Que ha aceptado una ideología diferente a la que… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Converso — puede designar a: El que ha efectuado una conversión religiosa, desde el punto de vista de la religión a la que se incorpora. Un renegado o un apóstata, desde el punto de vista de la religión que abandona. Un cristiano nuevo, denominación… …   Wikipedia Español

  • converso — /kon vɛrso/ agg. [dal lat. conversus, part. pass. di convertĕre convertire ], non com. [che ha subìto una trasformazione] ▶◀ convertito, mutato, tramutato, trasformato. ◀▶ identico, immutato, uguale. ▲ Locuz. prep.: lett., per converso ▶◀ al… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • Converso — Équivalent italien du français Convers (voir Convert). Le nom est rare, porté notamment dans le Piémont et en Calabre. Le pluriel Conversi est lui aussi rare (Émilie Romagne, Lazio). Rencontrée en Savoie, la forme Conversy devrait en être une… …   Noms de famille

  • converso — converso, sa adjetivo y sustantivo confeso. * * * Sinónimos: ■ neófito, catecúmeno, confeso, cristianizado Antónimos: ■ apóstata, renegado …   Diccionario de sinónimos y antónimos

  • converso — |é| s. m. 1. Convertido. 2. Leigo de ordem religiosa. 3. Locutório; conversação …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • converso — converso, sa (Del lat. conversus). 1. adj. Dicho de un musulmán o de un judío: Convertido al cristianismo. U. t. c. s.) 2. m. En algunas órdenes y congregaciones religiosas, lego (ǁ profeso sin opción al sacerdocio) …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Converso — A converso (Spanish: [komˈbersos], Portuguese: [kõˈveɾsuʃ], Galician: [komˈbeɾsos], Catalan: [kumˈbɛrsus] or [komˈvɛɾsos]; a convert , from Latin conversvs, converted, turned around ) and its feminine form conversa was a Jew… …   Wikipedia

  • converso — {{#}}{{LM C10356}}{{〓}} {{SynC10604}} {{[}}converso{{]}}, {{[}}conversa{{]}} ‹con·ver·so, sa› {{《}}▍ adj./s.{{》}} {{<}}1{{>}} {{♂}}Referido a una persona,{{♀}} que ha adoptado otra religión, especialmente referido a musulmanes o judíos que se… …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • Converso — Als Converso (pl. Conversos) wurden im spanischen und portugiesischen Sprachraum zum katholischen Christentum konvertierte Juden und deren Nachkommen bezeichnet. Konvertiten aus der maurischen Bevölkerung, die vom Islam zum Katholizismus… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”