cytosine


cytosine
/suy"teuh seen', -zeen', -sin/, n. Biochem.
a pyrimidine base, C4H5N3O, that is one of the fundamental components of DNA and RNA, in which it forms a base pair with guanine. Symbol: C Cf. cytidine, cytidine monophosphate.
[ < G Cytosin (1894); see CYTO-, -OSE2, -INE2]

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Organic compound of the pyrimidine family, often called a base, consisting of a single ring, containing both nitrogen and carbon atoms, and an amino group.

It occurs in combined form in nucleic acids and several coenzymes. In DNA its complementary base is guanine. It or its corresponding nucleoside or nucleotide may be prepared from DNA by selective techniques of hydrolysis.

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      a nitrogenous base derived from pyrimidine that occurs in nucleic acids (nucleic acid), the heredity-controlling components of all living cells, and in some coenzymes, substances that act in conjunction with enzymes in chemical reactions in the body.

      Cytosine is one of several types of bases that are incorporated into the nucleic acid molecule. Nucleic acids are composed of a five-carbon sugar bound to a phosphoric acid, along with a nitrogenous base. Deoxyribonucleic acid ( DNA), the hereditary material of most living organisms, consists of the five-carbon sugar deoxyribose with a phosphate linkage, to which is attached cytosine or any of three other bases, which together form two complementary pairs. Cytosine's complementary base in the DNA molecule is guanine.

      Cytidine is a structural subunit of ribonucleic acid that consists of cytosine and the sugar ribose. Cytidine triphosphate (CTP), an ester of cytidine and triphosphoric acid, is the substance utilized in the cells to introduce cytidylic acid units into ribonucleic acids. CTP also reacts with nitrogen-containing alcohols to form coenzymes that participate in the formation of phospholipids.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cytosine — Cytosine …   Wikipedia

  • Cytosine — Structure de la 1H Cytosine Général …   Wikipédia en Français

  • cytosine — [ sitozin ] n. f. • 1903; de cyto et ine ♦ Biochim. Base pyrimidique présente dans l A. D. N. et dans l A. R. N. ● cytosine nom féminin Composé basique dérivé de la pyrimidine et constituant essentiel des acides nucléiques. (Elle est… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • cytosine — 1894, from Ger. cytosin (1894), from CYTO (Cf. cyto ) cell + ose + chemical suffix INE (Cf. ine) (2). The name cytosine (due to Kossel and Neumann) is misleading. Cytosine is not, like adenosine and guanosine, a nucleoside but the sugar free base …   Etymology dictionary

  • cytosine — cy to*sine (s[imac] t[ o]*s[i^]n or s[imac] t[ o]*s[=e]n), n. (Biochemistry) A pyrimidine ({C4H5N3O}) which is one of the four major basic components of DNA and RNA in most organisms, forming glyosides with ribose and deoxyribose. It is the basic …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cytosine — cytosine. См. цитозин. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • cytosine — [sīt′ō sēn΄] n. [Ger zytosin < zyt , CYTO + os, OSE2 + in, INE3] a pyrimidine base, C4H5N3O, contained in the nucleic acids of all tissue: it links with guanine in the DNA structure …   English World dictionary

  • cytosine — citozinas statusas T sritis chemija formulė Formulę žr. priede. santrumpa( os) Cyt priedas( ai) Grafinis formatas atitikmenys: angl. cytosine rus. цитозин ryšiai: sinonimas – 4 amino 2 hidroksipirimidinas …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • cytosine — citozinas statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Pirimidino bazė, įeinanti į DNR ir RNR sudėtį. atitikmenys: angl. cytosine rus. цитозин …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • cytosine — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary cyt + ose + 2 ine Date: 1894 a pyrimidine base C4H5N3O that codes genetic information in the polynucleotide chain of DNA or RNA compare adenine, guanine, thymine, uracil …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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