/suy tol"euh jee/, n.the study of the microscopic appearance of cells, esp. for the diagnosis of abnormalities and malignancies.[1885-90; CYTO- + -LOGY]
* * *Study of cells.Its earliest phase began with Robert Hooke's microscopic investigations of cork in 1665, during which he introduced the term cell to describe dead cork cells. Mathias Jacob Schleiden (in 1838) and Theodor Schwann (1839) were among the first to state clearly that cells are the fundamental units of both plants and animals. This pronouncement (the cell theory) was confirmed and elaborated by a series of discoveries and interpretations. In 1892 Oscar Hertwig (1849–1922) suggested that processes at the organism's level are reflections of cellular processes, thus establishing cytology as a separate branch of biology. See also physiology.
* * *▪ biologythe study of cells (cell) as fundamental units of living things. The earliest phase of cytology began with the English scientist Robert Hooke's (Hooke, Robert) microscopic investigations of cork in 1665. He observed dead cork cells and introduced the term “cell” to describe them. In the 19th century two Germans, the botanist Matthias Schleiden (Schleiden, Mathias Jacob) (in 1838) and the biologist Theodor Schwann (Schwann, Theodor) (in 1839), were among the first to clearly state that cells are the fundamental particles of both plants and animals. This pronouncement—the cell theory—was amply confirmed and elaborated by a series of discoveries and interpretations. In 1892 the German embryologist and anatomist Oscar Hertwig suggested that organismic processes are reflections of cellular processes; he thus established cytology as a separate branch of biology. Research into the activities of chromosomes led to the founding of cytogenetics, in 1902–04, when the American geneticist Walter Sutton (Sutton, Walter S(tanborough)) and the German zoologist Theodor Boveri (Boveri, Theodor Heinrich) demonstrated the connection between cell division and heredity. Modern cytologists have adapted many methods of physics and chemistry to investigate cellular events. See also cell.
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См. также в других словарях:
Cytology — (from Greek κύτος, kytos, a hollow ; and λογία, logia) means the study of cells . Cytology is that branch of life science, which deals with the study of cells in terms of structure, function and chemistry. Based on usage it can refer to:… … Wikipedia
cytology — cytology. См. цитология. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) … Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.
cytology — 1857, from CYTO (Cf. cyto ) + LOGY (Cf. logy). Related: Cytologist (1884) … Etymology dictionary
cytology — ► NOUN ▪ the branch of biology concerned with the structure and function of plant and animal cells. DERIVATIVES cytological adjective cytologist noun … English terms dictionary
cytology — [sī täl′ə jē] n. [ CYTO + LOGY] the branch of biology dealing with the structure, function, pathology, and life history of cells cytologic [sī΄tō läj′ik] adj. cytological cytologically adv. cytologist n … English World dictionary
cytology — n. the study of the structure and function of cells. The examination of cells under a microscope is used in the diagnosis of various diseases. These cells are obtained by scraping an organ, as in cervical cytology (see cervical smear, liquid… … The new mediacal dictionary
cytology — The study of the anatomy, physiology, pathology, and chemistry of the cell. SYN: cellular biology, cytobiology. [cyto + G. logos, study] exfoliative c. the examination, for … Medical dictionary
cytology — citologija statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Mokslas, tyrinėjantis vidinę ląstelių sandarą ir jų gyvybinę veiklą. atitikmenys: angl. cytology rus. цитология … Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas
cytology — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary Date: 1889 1. a branch of biology dealing with the structure, function, multiplication, pathology, and life history of cells 2. the cytological aspects of a … New Collegiate Dictionary
cytology — n. [Gr. kytos, container; logos, discourse] The study of the structure and physiology of a cell … Dictionary of invertebrate zoology