Cyclops


Cyclops
/suy"klops/, n., pl. Cyclopes /suy kloh"peez/.
1. Class. Myth. a member of a family of giants having a single round eye in the middle of the forehead.
2. (l.c.) a freshwater copepod of the genus Cyclops, having a median eye in the front of the head.
[ < Gk Kýklops, lit., round-eye, equiv. to kýkl(os) a circle, round + óps EYE]

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In Greek mythology, any of several one-eyed giants.

In the Odyssey, the Cyclopes were cannibals who lived in a faraway land (traditionally Sicily). Odysseus was captured by the Cyclops Polyphemus, but he escaped being devoured by blinding the giant. According to Hesiod, there were three Cyclopes (Arges, Brontes, and Steropes) who forged thunderbolts for Zeus. In a later tradition, they were assistants to Hephaestus in this task. Apollo destroyed them after one of their thunderbolts killed Asclepius.

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Greek“Round Eye”

      in Greek legend and literature, any of several one-eyed giants to whom were ascribed a variety of histories and deeds. In Homer the Cyclopes were cannibals, living a rude pastoral life in a distant land (traditionally Sicily), and the Odyssey contains a well-known episode in which Odysseus escapes death by blinding the Cyclops Polyphemus. In Hesiod the Cyclopes were three sons of Uranus and Gaea—Arges, Brontes, and Steropes (Bright, Thunderer, Lightener)—who forged the thunderbolts of Zeus. Later authors made them the workmen of Hephaestus and said that Apollo killed them for making the thunderbolt that slew his son Asclepius.

 The walls of several ancient cities (e.g., Tiryns) of Mycenaean architecture were sometimes said to have been built by Cyclopes. Hence in modern archaeology the term cyclopean is applied to walling of which the stones are not squared.
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cyclops — Cyclops …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cyclops — ► NOUN 1) (pl. Cyclops, Cyclopses, or Cyclopes) Greek Mythology a member of a race of savage one eyed giants. 2) (cyclops) a minute freshwater crustacean which has a cylindrical body with a single central eye. ORIGIN from Greek Kukl …   English terms dictionary

  • Cyclops — Cy clops (s? kl?ps), n. sing. & pl. [L. Cyclops, Gr. Ky klwps (strictly round eyed), pl. Ky klwpes; ky klos circle + w ps eye.] 1. (Gr. Myth.) One of a race of giants, sons of Neptune and Amphitrite, having but one eye, and that in the middle of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cyclops — (Hüpferling), s. Ruderfüßer …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cyclops —   [griechisch], Gattung der Ruderfußkrebse …   Universal-Lexikon

  • cyclops — (pl. cyclopes), 1510s, from Latin, from Gk. kyklops, lit. round eyed, from stem of kyklos (see CYCLE (Cf. cycle) (n.)) + ops (see EYE (Cf. eye) (n.)). One of a race of one eyed giants who forged thunderbolts for Zeus, built the walls of Mycenae,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Cyclops — a mythological one eyed giant, is pronounced siy klops, and its plural is Cyclopes, pronounced siy kloh peez …   Modern English usage

  • Cyclops — [sī′kläps΄] n. pl. Cyclopes [sī klō′pēz΄] [L < Gr Kyklōps, lit., round eyed < kyklos (see WHEEL) + ōps, EYE] Gr. Myth. any of a race of giants who have only one eye, in the middle of the forehead …   English World dictionary

  • Cyclops — Cyclops …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cyclops — Polyphemus, by Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein, 1802 (Landesmuseum Oldenburg) This article is about the mythical creature. For other uses, see Cyclops (disambiguation). A cyclops ( …   Wikipedia

  • Cyclops — Hüpferlinge Hüpferling (Cyclops) Systematik Klasse: Maxillopoda Unterklasse …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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