confiscation

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In law, the act of seizing property without compensation and submitting it to the public treasury.

Illegal items such as narcotics or firearms, or profits from the sale of illegal items, may be confiscated by the police. Additionally, government action (e.g., zoning or rate setting) that reduces the value of property to an owner so as to make it nearly worthless has been held to constitute confiscation. See also eminent domain, search and seizure.

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law
      in property law, act of appropriating private property for state or sovereign use. Confiscation as an incident of state power can be traced back to the Roman Empire and earlier; it has existed in some form in most countries around the world. It was most often predicated on the doing of some prohibited act resulting in the forfeiture by the wrongdoer of his property to the state or crown. International crimes, such as acts of war, still carry the penalty of confiscation, although it is not often exercised. See also eminent domain.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • CONFISCATION — CONFISCATI Transfert de biens privés prononcé par l’État à son profit ou à celui d’établissements ou de personnes désignés par lui, et opéré sans indemnité, en application d’une peine ou d’une mesure de sûreté. Inscrite dans les codes helléniques …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Confiscation — Confiscation, from the Latin confiscatio joining to the fiscus, i.e. transfer to the treasury is a legal seizure without compensation by a government or other public authority. The word is also used, popularly, of spoliation under legal forms, or …   Wikipedia

  • confiscation — index appropriation (taking), attachment (seizure), condemnation (seizure), disseisin, distraint …   Law dictionary

  • confiscation — CONFISCATION. s. f. Action de confisquer, adjudication au fisc. Le bannissement perpétuel, et la condamnation à mort, emportent confiscation de biens. À peine de confiscation des exemplaires contrefaits. Les Pays où confiscation a lieu. [b]f♛/b]… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • confiscation — Confiscation. subst. fem. Action de confisquer, Adjudication au fisc. La condamnation à mort emporte confiscation de biens. à peine de confiscation des exemplaires contrefaits. les pays où confiscation a lieu. Il sign. aussi, Les biens confisquez …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • confiscation — Confiscation, ou biens confisquez et publication de biens d aucun ou de plusieurs, Publicatio, Sectio. Qui achette la confiscation d aucun pour y gaigner, Sector. Confiscation de fief, Commissi poena. B. Demander confiscation de fief, Lege agere… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • confiscation — 1540s, from M.Fr. confiscation, from L. confiscationem (nom. confiscatio), noun of action from confiscare (see CONFISCATE (Cf. confiscate)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Confiscation — Con fis*ca tion, n. [L. confiscatio.] The act or process of taking property or condemning it to be taken, as forfeited to the public use. [1913 Webster] The confiscations following a subdued rebellion. Hallam. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Confiscation — Confiscation, die gesetzliche Beschlagnahme von Geld oder Gut; confisciren, in Beschlag nehmen; confiscirt, in Beschlag genommen; c. Aussehen, lüderliches und verdächtiges Aussehen …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Confiscation — La confiscation est une sanction décidée par une autorité qui s approprie les biens d une personne ou d une entreprise sans contrepartie. Sommaire 1 Notions voisines 2 Confiscation générale et confiscation spécifique 2.1 En France …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CONFISCATION — s. f. Action de confisquer, adjudication au fisc. La peine de la confiscation des biens a été abolie, en France, par la charte constitutionnelle. Le bannissement perpétuel et la condamnation à mort emportaient autrefois confiscation des biens. À… …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

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