coloured
col·oured (kŭlʹərd) adj. & n. Chiefly British
See colored.

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people
formerly  Cape Coloured  

      a person of mixed European (“white”) and African (“black”) or Asian ancestry, as officially defined by the South African government from 1950 to 1991.

      Individuals assigned to this classification originated primarily from 18th- and 19th-century unions between men of higher and women of lower social groups: for instance, between white men and slave women or between slave men and Khoekhoe or San women. The slaves were from Madagascar, the Malayan archipelago, Sri Lanka, and India.

      In early 20th-century South Africa, the word “Coloured” was a social category rather than a legal designation and typically indicated a status intermediate between those who were identified as “white” and those who were identified as “black.” The classification was largely arbitrary, based on family background and cultural practices as well as physical features. Most South Africans who identified themselves as Coloured spoke Afrikaans and English, were Christians, lived in a European manner, and affiliated with whites. Many lived in Cape Town, its suburbs, and rural areas of Western Cape province. Significant numbers also lived in Port Elizabeth and elsewhere in Eastern Cape province and in Northern Cape province. In Cape Town and Port Elizabeth, they represented the middle and working classes and were employed as teachers, clerks, shopkeepers, artisans, and other skilled workers. Those living outside the towns were mostly labourers on white-owned farms. A Muslim minority, the so-called Cape Malays, lived mostly in separate communities and married among themselves for religious reasons.

      Until World War II there was considerable intermarriage between lighter-skinned Coloureds and whites, and many individuals were absorbed into the white community. Severe apartheid laws established in 1948, however, immediately subjected Coloured individuals to a rigid separation of occupational opportunities, the abolition of voting rights in Cape Province, and laws that prohibited (until 1985) intermarriage and sexual relations with other groups. In the 1950s a further series of laws disenfranchised many Coloured individuals, confiscated their land, and forced them to relocate to less desirable areas.

      The designation “Coloured” and all restrictions based upon it were abolished in the 1990s as the apartheid system was dismantled and the legal classification system was abandoned. (See also South Africa: People (South Africa).)

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • coloured — adj. same as {colored}. [Brit.] Syn: colored, in color(predicate), colorful. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • coloured — ● coloured adjectif et nom (anglais coloured, métis) Se dit d un habitant de la République d Afrique du Sud ayant des ascendants mixtes parmi les Africains, les Européens, les Asiatiques. (Les recensements établis par l Afrique du Sud distinguent …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • coloured — (US colored) ► ADJECTIVE 1) having a colour or colours. 2) dated or offensive wholly or partly of non white descent. 3) S. African of mixed ethnic origin. ► NOUN 1) dated or offensive a person who is wholly or partly of non white descent. 2) …   English terms dictionary

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  • coloured — written with a capital C, in South Africa denotes a person of mixed descent, and in the plural denotes a racial group as officially defined under the former apartheid laws. Use of this term by white people in Britain and elsewhere to refer to non …   Modern English usage

  • Coloured — This article is about the term for an ethnic group used in Southern Africa. For other uses, see Color (disambiguation). For usage of coloured or colored outside Southern Africa, see Colored. Coloureds Extended coloured family with roots in Cape… …   Wikipedia

  • coloured — I UK [ˈkʌlə(r)d] / US [ˈkʌlərd] adjective ** 1) [usually before noun] red, green, orange etc instead of black and white or transparent pieces of coloured paper a coloured light bulb a woman wearing a brightly coloured sari 2) coloured hair has… …   English dictionary

  • coloured — [[t]kʌ̱lə(r)d[/t]] ♦♦♦ coloureds (in AM, use colored) 1) ADJ Something that is coloured a particular colour is that colour. The illustration shows a cluster of five roses coloured apricot orange. ...a cheap gold coloured bracelet. 2) ADJ… …   English dictionary

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