Berg
/berg/; for 1 also Ger. /berddk/, n.
1. Alban /ahl bahn", ahl"bahn/, 1885-1935, Austrian composer.
2. Patricia Jane (Patty), born 1918, U.S. golfer.

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Former duchy, Holy Roman Empire.

Located on the Rhine River, the area now lies in the districts of Düsseldorf and Cologne, Germany. In the 11th century the counts of Berg acquired Westphalian lands east of Cologne; these were incorporated into a duchy in 1380. Berg became a leading iron and textile manufacturing centre in the 17th–18th centuries. In 1806 Napoleon made it a grand duchy in his Confederation of the Rhine. Following the Congress of Vienna in 1814–15, it became part of Prussia.

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▪ former duchy, Germany
      former duchy of the Holy Roman Empire, on the right bank of the Rhine, now in the administrative districts of Düsseldorf and Cologne in Germany.

      In the 11th century the counts of Berg came into possession of Westphalian lands east of Cologne. From 1161 these were divided between the senior branch of Berg and the junior branch of Altena (later Mark), which acquired the countship of Cleves in 1368. The Berg line became extinct with the assassination in 1225 of Engelbert I the Holy, the third member of the family to hold the archbishopric of Cologne, and the title passed to the House of Limburg. In 1288 Count Adolf V began to develop Düsseldorf (later Berg's capital) as a port. A member of the House of Jülich, Gerhard VI (died 1360) married the heiress of Berg in 1348; in 1380 his son William was created duke; and in 1423 Duke Adolf also inherited Jülich, thus uniting the two duchies and associated lands. When the male line became extinct in 1511, the territories passed to John III, duke of Cleves. Berg became a leading iron and textile manufacturing centre in the 17th and 18th centuries. In 1806 Napoleon made it a grand duchy in his Confederation of the Rhine, with his brother-in-law Joachim Murat as grand duke. Berg, along with Jülich, which had been annexed by the French, became part of Prussia's Rhine province by award of the Congress of Vienna in 1814–15.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • BERG — En allemand, le mot Berg signifie tout à la fois la montagne et la mine, et l’association n’est pas fortuite. Il s’agit moins de la haute montagne, où l’on reconnaît plutôt des massifs (Gebirge ) et des crêtes qui s’attirent les noms de Spitze ,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Berg — Berg: Das gemeingerm. Wort mhd. berc, ahd. berg (got. in baírgahei »Gebirgsgegend«), engl. barrow »‹Grab›hügel«, schwed. berg »Hügel, Berg« beruht mit verwandten Wörtern in anderen idg. Sprachen auf idg. *bherg̑os »Berg«, vgl. z. B. armen. berj… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Berg — Sm std. (8. Jh.), mhd. berc, ahd. berg, as. berg Stammwort. Aus g. * berga m. Berg , auch in anord. bjarg n., berg n. Felsen, Felswand , ae. beorg, afr. berch, birg und gt. in der Weiterbildung bairgahei Gebirge ; aus ig. * bhergh Höhe… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Berg — o Bergisch es un territorio de Renania del Norte Westfalia situada en el borde oriental de la Bahía de Colonia, que se fusionó con Bensberg en 1975 y en la actualidad constituye la sede administrativa del distrito Rheinisch Bergisch. Su nombre… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • -berg — [bɛrk], der; [e]s, e: 1. <Suffixoid> (emotional verstärkend) drückt aus, dass das im Basiswort Genannte [in besorgniserregender Weise] in zu großer Zahl vorhanden ist: Bettenberg; Butterberg. Syn.: ↑ lawine (emotional verstärkend), ↑… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • BERG — BERG, former duchy in Germany. After their expulsion in 1424, Jews from cologne are thought to have settled in Berg. The Jews were temporarily expelled from the duchy in 1461. Early in the 15th century, after the amalgamation of Berg with juelich …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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