Bastet
Bas·tet (bäʹstĕt) n. Mythology
An ancient Egyptian goddess, daughter of Ra and agent of his vengeance, often depicted as a lioness or cat.

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or Bast or Ubasti

In Egyptian religion, a goddess worshiped first as a lioness and later as a cat.

Her nature changed after the domestication of the cat с 1500 BC. She had cults at Bubastis in the Nile delta and at Memphis. In the Late and Ptolemaic periods, large cemeteries of mummified cats were created at both sites, and thousands of bronze statuettes of the goddess were deposited as votive offerings. Bastet is represented as a lioness or a woman with a cat's head, usually holding a bag, a breastplate, and a sistrum (wire rattle). The Romans carried her cult to Italy.

Bastet, cat-headed goddess of Bubastis, statuette, 22nd–25th dynasty; in the British Museum

Reproduced by courtesy of the trustees of the British Museum

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▪ Egyptian goddess
also called  Bast 

      ancient Egyptian goddess worshipped in the form of a lioness and later a cat (feline). The daughter of Re, the sun god, Bastet was an ancient deity whose ferocious nature was ameliorated after the domestication of the cat around 1500 BCE. She was native to Bubastis in the Nile River delta but also had an important cult at Memphis. In the Late and Ptolemaic periods large cemeteries of mummified cats were created at both sites, and thousands of bronze statuettes of the goddess were deposited as votive offerings. Small figures of cats were also worn as amulets; this too was probably related to the cult of Bastet.

      Represented as a woman with a cat's head, Bastet carries an ancient percussion instrument, the sistrum, in her right hand; a so-called aegis, or breastplate (in Bastet's case, surmounted with the head of a lioness), in her left hand; and a small bag over her left arm. She wears an elaborately ornamented dress. Her cult was carried to Italy by the Romans, and traces have been found in Rome, Ostia, Nemi, and Pompeii.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bastet — in Hieroglyphen hier …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bastet — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bastet es una diosa de la mitología egipcia, también denominada Bast, cuya misión era proteger el hogar y simboliza la alegría de vivir, pues se considera la deidad de la armonía y la felicidad. Nombre egipcio:… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bastet — es una diosa de la mitología egipcia, cuyo papel era proteger el hogar y la alegría de vivir. Se la representaba bajo la efigie de un gato doméstico, o bien como una mujer con cabeza de gato, que siempre lleva un sistro (instrumento musical)… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bastet — Nom occitan. On peut y voir un diminutif de bât, mais il me semble préférable d en faire un hypocoristique de Sébastien …   Noms de famille

  • Bastet — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bast. Bastet Divinité égyptienne …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bastet —    Cat goddess of Bubastis represented as a cat headed or lioness headed human figure, often with a sistrum rattle or kittens. The worship of her cult became popular during the Late Period, from which time cemeteries of cats killed as votive… …   Ancient Egypt

  • Bastet — Bạstet,   ägyptische Göttin, Gestalt einer Frau mit Katzenkopf, in der Spätzeit auch ganz als Katze dargestellt; für die Ägypter Ausdruck der Milde des Königs und der Götter, im Gegensatz zur gefährlichen Sachmet in Gestalt einer Löwin.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • bastet — bas|tet Mot Agut Nom masculí …   Diccionari Català-Català

  • Bastet — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Bastet (Ägyptische Mythologie) — Bastet in Hieroglyphen hier …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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