**Normal distribution** — This article is about the univariate normal distribution. For normally distributed vectors, see Multivariate normal distribution. Probability density function The red line is the standard normal distribution Cumulative distribution function … Wikipedia

**cryptology** — cryptologist, n. cryptologic /krip tl oj ik/, cryptological, adj. /krip tol euh jee/, n. 1. cryptography. 2. the science and study of cryptanalysis and cryptography. [1635 45; < NL cryptologia. See CRYPTO , LOGY] * * * Introduction … Universalium

**information theory** — the mathematical theory concerned with the content, transmission, storage, and retrieval of information, usually in the form of messages or data, and esp. by means of computers. [1945 50] * * * ▪ mathematics Introduction a mathematical… … Universalium

**Index of coincidence** — In cryptography, coincidence counting is the technique (invented by William F. Friedman[1]) of putting two texts side by side and counting the number of times that identical letters appear in the same position in both texts. This count, either as … Wikipedia

**BIBLE** — THE CANON, TEXT, AND EDITIONS canon general titles the canon the significance of the canon the process of canonization contents and titles of the books the tripartite canon … Encyclopedia of Judaism

**Maximum likelihood** — In statistics, maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) is a method of estimating the parameters of a statistical model. When applied to a data set and given a statistical model, maximum likelihood estimation provides estimates for the model s… … Wikipedia

**Anthropology and Archaeology** — ▪ 2009 Introduction Anthropology Among the key developments in 2008 in the field of physical anthropology was the discovery by a large interdisciplinary team of Spanish and American scientists in northern Spain of a partial mandible (lower… … Universalium

**The Lost Tomb of Jesus** — ] In The Jesus Family Tomb , Simcha Jacobovici claims the James Ossuary would have been a part of this tomb, but was removed by artifact dealers, and thus discovered separately. [http://dsc.discovery.com/convergence/tomb/explore/explore.html Lost … Wikipedia

**Movable type** — For the weblog software, see Movable Type. Part of a series on the History of printing … Wikipedia

**Polygraphic substitution** — A polygraphic substitution is a cipher in which a uniform substitution is performed on blocks of letters. When the length of the block is specifically known, more precise terms are used: for instance, a cipher in which pairs of letters are… … Wikipedia