- Wierzyński, Kazimierz
▪ Polish poetborn August 27, 1894, Drohobyez, Austria-Hungary [now Drohobych, Ukraine]died February 13, 1969, London, Englanda member of the group of Polish poets called Skamander.Wierzyński moved to Warsaw after the restoration of Poland's independence at the close of World War I and became one of the foremost members of Skamander. His poetical debut was Wiosna i wino (1919; “Spring and Wine”), followed by Wróble na dachu (1921; “Sparrows on the Roof”) and Wielka Niedźwiedzica (1923; “The Great She-Bear”)—all inspired by carefree juvenile optimism. Out of his interest in sports, he published in 1927 a collection of poems, Laur Olimpijski (“Olympic Laurel”), for which he won a special gold medal at the 1928 Olympic Games in Amsterdam. When World War II started he left Poland for Paris but in 1940 moved to Rio de Janeiro and later to Sag Harbor on Long Island, New York, U.S., where he lived for 20 years. In the 1960s he moved briefly to Rome and then to London.In the 1930s and later in exile the poet left the exuberance of his youth behind him and dealt with patriotic and religious themes. Among Wierzyński's collections of dolorous verse from this period are Wolność tragiczna (1936; “Tragic Freedom”) and Krzyże i miecze (1946; “Crosses and Swords”). In his later poems—published in Tkanka ziemi (1960; “The Earth's Substance”), Kufer na plecach (1964; “A Trunk on My Back”), Czarny polonez (1968; “The Black Polonaise”), and other collections—he abandoned traditional metre and rhyme to use more modern poetic devices. He also wrote The Life and Death of Chopin (1949; Polish ed. Życie Chopina, 1953), with a foreword by Artur Rubinstein (Rubinstein, Artur). Many of Wierzyński's poems appeared in English translation in Selected Poems (1959).
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