Palmares

▪ historical republic, Brazil
      autonomous republic within Alagoas state in northeastern Brazil during the period 1630–94; it was formed by the coalescence of as many as 10 separate communities (called quilombos, or mocambos) of fugitive black slaves that had sprung up in the locality from 1605. The state owed its prosperity to abundant irrigated agricultural lands and to the abduction of slaves from Portuguese plantations. (In Palmares, captured slaves remained in bondage, but runaways became free citizens.)

      By the 1690s Palmares numbered 20,000 inhabitants, ruled according to a melange of Central African norms by an elected chief called Ganga Zumba (“Great Lord”) who allocated landholdings, appointed officials (usually his own relatives), and resided in a fortified royal enclave called Macoco. Between 1680 and 1686, six Portuguese expeditions attempted to conquer Palmares and failed. Finally the governor of Pernambuco engaged an army of bandeirantes under the command of Domingos Jorge Velho, who defeated a palmarista force led by a nephew of the last of Palmares' five rulers, on Feb. 6, 1694, putting an end to the republic.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • palmarès — [ palmarɛs ] n. m. • 1842; du lat. palmaris « qui mérite la palme » ♦ Liste des lauréats d une distribution de prix, liste de récompenses. Son nom figure au palmarès. Le palmarès d un concours, d une compétition sportive. Recomm. offic. pour hit… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • palmares — PALMARÉS, palmaresuri, s.n. Listă în care se înscriu succesele sau victoriile (sportive, artistice etc.) obţinute de cineva; totalitate a unor astfel de succese sau de victorii. – Din fr. palmarès. Trimis de valeriu, 03.02.2004. Sursa: DEX 98 … …   Dicționar Român

  • Palmares — may refer to:*Palmares, Pernambuco, a municipality in the state of Pernambuco in Brazil *Palmares Paulista *Palmares Canton, a canton in the province of Alajuela in Costa Rica *Palmares de Alajuela, a city and district in the canton of Palmares… …   Wikipedia

  • Palmares — ist der Name zweier Orte in Lateinamerika: eine Gemeinde im Bundesstaat Pernambuco in Brasilien mit ca. 55.000 Einwohnern (Stand 2004), siehe Palmares (Pernambuco) eine Stadt in der Provinz Alajuela in Costa Rica, siehe Palmares de Alajuela ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Palmares — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Palmares puede corresponder a: El cantón número 7 de la provincia de Alajuela en Costa Rica: Palmares (Costa Rica) Una localidad en el estado de Pernambuco, en Brasil: Palmares (Pernambuco) Un legendario quilombo de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • palmarés — (plural palmarés) sustantivo masculino 1. Lista de vencedores de una competición: Por fin ha inscrito su nombre en el palmarés de Gijón. El palmarés del festival de Valladolid cuenta con numerosos actores extranjeros. 2. Historial o currículum de …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • palmarès — /palma rɛs/ s.m., fr. [dal lat. palmares, plur. dell agg. palmaris meritevole di vittoria ]. 1. [elenco dei vincitori di una gara, di un concorso e sim.: il p. di un festival cinematografico ] ▶◀ classifica, graduatoria. 2. [elenco dei successi… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • palmarés — s. m. 2 núm. 1. Lista dos laureados num estabelecimento escolar, num concurso, num encontro esportivo. 2. Lista dos vencedores de uma competição, de um concurso.   ‣ Etimologia: francês palmarès …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • palmarès — /fr. palmaˈʀɛs/ [vc. fr., deriv. dal pl. (palmāres) del lat. palmāre(m) «degno della palma della vittoria»] s. m. inv. 1. (di gara, di concorso) classifica, graduatoria 2. (fig.) cerchia ristretta, olimpo, Gotha (ted.), élite (fr.), crema, créme… …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • palmarés — (Del fr. palmarès). 1. m. Lista de vencedores en una competición. 2. Historial, relación de méritos, especialmente de deportistas …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Palmares — Palmares, Ort in der brasilianischen Provinz Pernambuco, von Holländern angelegt, welche vor Negern geflüchtet waren; 1797 von den Portugiesen erobert …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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