Moeller van den Bruck, Arthur

▪ German author
born April 26, 1876, Solingen, Ger.
died May 30, 1925, Berlin

      German cultural critic whose book Das Dritte Reich (1923; “The Third Empire,” or “Reich”) provided Nazi Germany with its dramatic name.

      Moeller left Germany after the turn of the century (to avoid military service) and lived in France, Italy, and Scandinavia. While abroad he wrote an eight-volume history of the German people, Die Deutschen (1904–10), in which he classified his countrymen according to psychological types (drifting, dreaming, decisive, etc.). He returned to Germany when World War I began and in the same year (1914) completed the editing of the first German edition of the works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky.

      In the postwar period Moeller began to seek in politics the solution to what he saw as Germany's cultural poverty. He regarded western Europe's “civilization” (by which he meant enlightened rationalism and its political manifestations, liberalism and socialism) as destructive of “true culture.” He called for a new Germanic faith to save the country from what he viewed as the disintegration and vulgarity of modern industrial society.

      Moeller suffered from an emotional disturbance and, apparently in despair over the course of German history, took his own life. Though the Nazis denied him as an intellectual precursor, his thought helped create an atmosphere that was receptive to the National Socialist ideology.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Moeller van den Bruck, Arthur — (1876 1925)    publicist; an ide ological precursor of National Socialism. He was born to a prosperous home in Solingen; his father (Moeller) was a royal architectural advisor, while his mother (van den Bruck) was Spanish and Dutch by descent.… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Arthur Moeller van den Bruck — (auch: Moeller Bruck, eigtl. Moeller; * 23. April 1876 in Solingen; † 30. Mai 1925 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Kulturhistoriker, Staatstheoretiker und völkisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Moeller van den Bruck — Arthur Moeller van den Bruck Arthur Moeller van den Bruck (auch: Moeller Bruck, eigtl. Moeller; * 23. April 1876 in Solingen; † 30. Mai 1925 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Kulturhistoriker, Staatstheoretiker und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arthur Moeller Van Den Bruck — Arthur Moeller van den Bruck, né le 23 avril 1876 à Solingen, en Westphalie, mort le 30 mai 1925 à Berlin, était un historien et un écrivain …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arthur moeller van den bruck — Arthur Moeller van den Bruck, né le 23 avril 1876 à Solingen, en Westphalie, mort le 30 mai 1925 à Berlin, était un historien et un écrivain …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arthur Moeller van den Bruck — (April 23, 1876 – May 30, 1925) was a German cultural historian and writer, best known for his controversial book Das Dritte Reich (1923). He also published the first full German translation of Dostoyevsky. Contents …   Wikipedia

  • Arthur Moeller van den Bruck — Activités Écrivain Naissance 23 avril 1876 Solingen, Westphalie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Moeller van den Bruck — Moeller van den Brụck   [ mœlər fan ], Arthur, Schriftsteller, * Solingen 23. 4. 1876, ✝ (Selbstmord) Berlin 30. 5. 1925; übte als geistiger Mittelpunkt des »Juniklubs« einen nachhaltigen Einfluss auf die Jungkonservativen aus. Er bekämpfte… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bruck, Arthur Moeller van den —    See Moeller van den Bruck, Arthur …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Moeller — is a surname of German origin, and can refer to: Contents 1 People 2 Places 3 Things 4 See also People …   Wikipedia

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