Marr, Nikolay Yakovlevich

Marr, Nikolay Yakovlevich

▪ Russian linguist
born January 6, 1865, [December 25, 1864, old style], Kutaisi, Georgia, Russian Empire
died December 20, 1934, Leningrad [St. Petersburg]

      Russian linguist, archaeologist, and ethnographer specializing in the languages of the Caucasus.

      A professor at St. Petersburg University from 1900, Marr published numerous collections of old Georgian and Armenian literature and attempted to prove a relationship between the Caucasian and Semitic-Hamitic and Basque languages. Marr took his ideas further in 1924, proposing a monogenetic theory of language: all languages evolved from one original made up of four basic elements (sal, ber, yon, rosh). Each language of the world had attained its own stage of evolution. Languages themselves were the products of the underlying socioeconomic structure and were therefore class-related and not national phenomena. Marr's ideas lent themselves to Marxist theory; and became the “official” linguistic approach until 1950, when Stalin denounced it. After his death in 1934, Marr's ideas were adopted and expanded by the Institute of Language and Thought.

      Marr's discredited theory has obscured his legitimate accomplishment: exciting interest in the many non-Indo–European languages within republics of the former Soviet Union.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Marr, Nikolay (Yakovlevich) — born Jan. 6, 1865, Kutaisi, Georgia, Russian Empire died Dec. 20, 1934, Leningrad, Russia, U.S.S.R. Russian linguist, archaeologist, and ethnographer. A specialist in Caucasian languages, he published collections of literature in the Georgian and …   Universalium

  • Nikolay Yakovlevich Marr — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Nicholas Marr (Ruso: Николай Яковлевич Марр, Nikolay Yakovlevich Marr; Georgiano: ნიკოლოზ იაკობის ძე მარი, Nikolos Iakobis dse Mari; 6 Enero 1865 [O.S. 25 Diciembre], Kutaisi – 20 Diciembre1934, Leningrado) Marr fue… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nikolay — (as used in expressions) Nikolay Nikolayevich Bukharin Nikolay Ivanovich Bulganin Nikolay Aleksandrovich Chernyshevsky Nikolay Gavrilovich Danilevsky Nikolay Yakovlevich Giers Nikolay Karlovich Gogol Nikolay Vasilyevich Ignatyev Nikolay Pavlovich …   Universalium

  • Yakovlevich — (as used in expressions) Chaadayev Pyotr Yakovlevich Danilevsky Nikolay Yakovlevich Malinovsky Rodion Yakovlevich Marr Nikolay Yakovlevich * * * …   Universalium

  • Nicholas Marr — Nicolas Yacovlevich Marr Nikolay Yakovlevich Marr Nicolas Yacovlevich Marr, ou Nicolas Marr (russe : Николай Яковлевич Марр, Nikolay Yakovlevich Marr; géorgien : ნიკოლოზ იაკობის ძე მარი, Nikolos Iakobis dse Mari) (ancienne… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nicolas Yacovlevich Marr — Nikolay Yakovlevich Marr Nicolas Yacovlevich Marr, ou Nicolas Marr (russe : Николай Яковлевич Марр, Nikolay Yakovlevich Marr; géorgien : ნიკოლოზ იაკობის ძე მარი, Nikolos Iakobis dse Mari) (ancienne datation : 6 janvier 1865 ;… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nicholas Marr — Nikolay Jakovlevich Marr Nicholas Jakovlevich Marr (Russian: Николай Яковлевич Марр, Nikolay Jakovlevich Marr; Georgian: ნიკოლოზ იაკობის ძე მარი, Nikoloz Iak obis dze Mari; 6 January 1865 [O.S. 25 December], Georgia in Kutaisi – 20 December 1934 …   Wikipedia

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  • Japhetic theory — is a term used to describe a linguistic theory developed by the Soviet linguist Nikolay Yakovlevich Marr (1864 ndash;1934). In linguistics it is considered to be the equivalent of Lysenkoism in biology: a theory that was promoted and supported… …   Wikipedia

  • Ivan Meshchaninov — (24 November 1883 16 January 1967) was a Soviet linguist and ethnographer.He graduated from the Faculty of Law at the University of St Petersburg in 1907 and then briefly studied at Heidelberg University before taking up archaeology back at St… …   Wikipedia