Māhir, Aḥmad

▪ prime minister of Egypt
born 1888
died February 24, 1945, Cairo, Egypt

      Egyptian jurist and politician who was premier of Egypt from 1944 to 1945.

      Māhir was educated at the Khedivial Law school and the University of Montpellier in France. A younger brother of ʿAlī Māhir, who had on three previous occasions been premier of Egypt, Aḥmad occupied a number of important government positions from the early 1920s. Early in his career, Māhir was strongly nationalistic but subsequently tempered his politics. His advocacy of moderation angered the Wafd, the major political party in Egypt at the time, and he was expelled from the organization in 1938. After his expulsion, he became a leader of the Saʿdists, a new political group composed of dissident Wafdists, and was minister of finance in the Egyptian government (1938–40). At the outbreak of World War II (1939–45), Māhir advocated Egypt's entry into the war on Britain's side, a course of action violently opposed by the Wafd. On October 4, 1944, Māhir became premier, succeeding Muṣṭafā al-Naḥḥās Pasha, and initiated a program calling for the restoration of free elections, furtherance of plans for an Arab union, and collaboration with Great Britain. On February 24, 1945, a few minutes after he had read to the chamber of deputies a royal decree declaring war on Germany and Japan, Māhir was shot and killed by a young Egyptian extremist.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mahir — (also spelled Maher, Arabic: ماهر‎) is an Arabic given name, it may refer to: Given name Mahershalalhashbaz Ali, American actor Maher Arar, Canadian software engineer Maher al Assad, brother of Syrian President Bashar al Assad and head of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Mahir Jasem — Personal information Full name Maher Jasem Ghuloom Date of birth 22 January 1989 ( …   Wikipedia

  • Ahmad Mahir Pasha — (1888 February 24, 1945) ( ar. أحمد ماهر باشا) was the Prime Minister of Egypt from October 10 1944 to February 24 1945. He was a member of the Saadist Institutional Party and was appointed Prime Minister following the removal of Mustafa an… …   Wikipedia

  • Ahmad Pasha — may refer to:*Ahmad Khurshid Pasha, Ottoman official *Ahmad Mahir Pasha (1888 1945), Egyptian prime minister 1944 1945 *Ahmad Shuja Pasha, Pakistani general and director of the ISI *Ahmad Ziwar Pasha (1864 1945), Egyptian prime minister 1924 1926 …   Wikipedia

  • Ali Mahir Pasha — (1882–1960) (Arabic: علي ماهر باشا‎) was an Egyptian political figure. He served as Prime Minister of Egypt from 30 January 1936 to 9 May 1936, a second term from 18 August 1939 to 28 June 1940, a third term from 27 January 1952 to 2 March 1952… …   Wikipedia

  • Egypt — /ee jipt/, n. 1. Arab Republic of. a republic in NE Africa. 64,791,891; 386,198 sq. mi. (1,000,252 sq. km). Cap.: Cairo. Arabic, Misr. Formerly (1958 71), United Arab Republic. 2. an ancient kingdom in NE Africa: divided into the Nile Delta… …   Universalium

  • Nuqrāshī, Maḥmūd Fahmī al- — ▪ prime minister of Egypt also spelled  Mahmoud Fahmy Nokrashy  born 1888, Alexandria, Egypt died December 28, 1948, Cairo       Egyptian politician who was prime minister of Egypt (1945–46, 1946–48).       Al Nuqrāshī was educated at University… …   Universalium

  • Al-Qaeda in Iraq — Infobox War Faction name=Tanzim Qaidat al Jihad fi Bilad al Rafidayn (Organization of Jihad s Base in Mesopotamia) Al Qaeda in Iraq war=the Iraq War caption= leaders=Abu Musab al Zarqawi† Abu Hamza al Muhajir (Abu Ayyub al Masri) clans=… …   Wikipedia

  • Idrissides — الأدارسة (Al Adarissah) (ar) ⵉⴷⵔⵢⵙⵉⴻⵏ (Idrisiyen) (ber) 789 – 985 Carte de l Empire Idrisside …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hosni Mubarak — Mubarak redirects here. For other uses, see Mubarak (disambiguation). Hosni Mubarak Mubarak in 2009 4th President of Egypt In office …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”