Macdonald, Flora

▪ Scottish Jacobite
born 1722, Milton, South Uist, Outer Hebrides, Scot.
died March 5, 1790, Kingsburgh House, Skye, Inner Hebrides
 Scottish Jacobite heroine who helped Charles Edward (Charles Edward, the Young Pretender), the Young Pretender, the Stuart claimant to the British throne, to escape from Scotland after his defeat in the Jacobite rebellion of 1745–46. The daughter of Ranald Macdonald, a tacksman or farmer of Milton in the island of South Uist (Hebrides), she would come to be immortalized in Jacobite ballads and legends.

      The Pretender suffered his final defeat of the war at Culloden in April 1746, and, pursued by the English, he took refuge in the Hebrides, where Flora was visiting some friends. She allowed him to join her party disguised as Betty Burke, an Irish spinning maid, and obtained permission from the English for the group to sail to Skye (also in the Hebrides). At Skye, Flora and the Pretender parted, but the English learned of her role in the escape. She was imprisoned in the Tower of London but was pardoned in 1747. Three years later she married Allan Macdonald of Kingsburgh, and in 1774 they emigrated to North Carolina. Allan was captured while fighting for the British in the American Revolutionary War, and Flora returned alone to Scotland in 1779. She was later joined by her husband. Alexander MacGregor's Life of Flora Macdonald (1882) has frequently been reprinted.

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  • MACDONALD, FLORA —    a devoted Jacobite who, at the risk of her own life, screened Prince Charles Edward after his defeat at Culloden from his pursuers, and saw him safe off to France, for which she was afterwards confined for a short time in the Tower (1722 1790) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Flora Macdonald — (1722 – 5 mars 1790), héroïne jacobite, est la fille de Ranald MacDonald de Milton, sur l île de South Uist, dans les Hébrides intérieures, en Écosse, et de son épouse Marion, la fille d Angus Macdonald. Sommaire 1 Jeunesse …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • MacDonald (Clan) — MacDonald Tartan MacDonald („Sohn Donalds“) ist der Name eines schottischen Clans, der hauptsächlich aus den westlichen Highlands und den Hebriden stammt, etwa von Skye, Uist und weiteren Inseln der Inneren Hebriden. Stammvater des Clans war… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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