Long Island, Battle of

▪ United States history
      (August 27, 1776), in the American Revolution, successful British action in Brooklyn, New York, against the American Continental Army. The battle initiated the British campaign of 1776 to seize control of New York and thereby isolate New England from the rest of the colonies. After the British evacuation from Boston in March, the British general Lord Howe (Howe, William Howe, 5th Viscount) moved to occupy New York City under the protection of a British fleet that commanded the surrounding waters. To protect his left flank, the defending American general, George Washington (Washington, George), stationed one-third of his troops (numbering no more than 20,000 trained soldiers) on the Long Island side of the East River, where they erected fortifications.

      From his encampment on Staten Island, Howe attacked Washington's isolated wing by landing 20,000 men at Gravesend Bay, Long Island, on August 22. After four days' reconnaissance, Howe drove the Americans back and inflicted heavy losses (1,200 American prisoners were taken, and about 400 men on each side were killed or wounded). Howe might have captured Washington's entire force on Long Island at this point, but instead he elected to lay siege. The following week Washington took advantage of this delay to retreat across the river to Manhattan, a successful move that helped repair low American morale.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Long Island order of battle — The following units and commanders of the British and American armies fought in the Battle of Long Island of the American Revolution.British ArmySir William Howe, commandingClinton’s Division Lt. Gen. Sir Henry Clinton:3rd Brigade light… …   Wikipedia

  • Long Island — an island in SE New York: the boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens of New York City are located at its W end. 118 mi. (190 km) long; 12 20 mi. (19 32 km) wide; 1682 sq. mi. (4356 sq. km). * * * Island (pop., 2000: 7,448,618), southeastern New York,… …   Universalium

  • Battle of Frenchtown — Part of the War of 1812 The River Raisin National Battlefield Park in J …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Long Island — The Battle of Brooklyn, also known as the Battle of Long Island, fought on August 27, 1776, was the first major battle in the American Revolutionary War following the United States Declaration of Independence, the largest battle of the entire… …   Wikipedia

  • Long Island (Massachusetts) — This article is about the island Long Island, Boston. For other islands called Long Island, see Long Island (disambiguation). Long Island is situated in Quincy Bay, in the middle of Boston Harbor, Massachusetts. The island forms part of the City… …   Wikipedia

  • Long Island — This article is about the island in New York State. For other uses, see Long Island (disambiguation). Long Island Native name: Paumanok Kings, Queens, Nassau and Suffolk Counties on Long Island, showing county and municipal boundaries …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of New Orleans — For the battle at New Orleans during the American Civil War, see Capture of New Orleans. For other uses, see Battle of New Orleans (disambiguation). Battle of New Orleans Part of the War of 1812 …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Chippawa — Coordinates: 43°03′08″N 79°01′29″W / 43.052127°N 79.024720°W / 43.052127; 79.024720 …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Tarakan (1945) — Part of the Pacific Theatre of World War II …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Crete — Part of the Mediterranean Theatre of World War II …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”